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In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                  

The Netherlands Antilles

The Netherlands Antilles was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It was dissolved on 10 October 2010. 

Description: NetherlandAntilles

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Netherlands Antilles.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of Torture by Authorities are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the moral justification for inflicting pain or inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment in order to obtain critical information that may save countless lives, or to elicit a confession for a criminal act, or to punish someone to teach him a lesson outside of the courtroom.  Perhaps your paper might focus on some of the methods of torture, like fear, extreme temperatures, starvation, thirst, sleep deprivation, suffocation, or immersion in freezing water.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the people acting in an official capacity who perpetrate such cruelty.  There is a lot to the subject of Torture by Authorities.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.

*** ARCHIVES ***

High security prisons in The Netherla

Amnesty International AI, 12 October 2018 -- Index number: EUR 35/9231/2018

accessed 9 January 2019]

accessed 9 January 2019]

The Open Society Justice Initiative and Amnesty International submit this briefing to the United Nations Committee against Torture ahead of its examination of The Netherlands’ seventh periodic report on the implementation of the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, at its 65th Session. This submission focuses on concerns over the implementation of Article 16 of the Convention by The Netherlands at two special high-security detention units holding people suspected and convicted of terrorism offences. Concern is also expressed that for some detainees the security measures exposed them to heightened risks of Article 1 violations.

Netherlands Antilles: Comments by Amnesty International on the Second Periodic Report submitted to the United Nations Committee against Torture

Amnesty International AI, 31 March 1995

[accessed 5 Feb 2014]

The UN Committee against Torture (UNCAT) will examine the Second Periodic Report of the Kingdom of the Netherlands under the Convention against Torture in April 1995. In this report, AI comments on the submission regarding the Netherlands Antilles and outlines its own concerns about torture and ill-treatment and deaths in detention. Individual cases are briefly described, namely: Henry K. Every, who died from some form of crushing injury while in police custody (1990); Leroy Neil, who died of peritonitis in police custody (1990); Xavier Fluonia, who allegedly hanged himself in a police station in Curacao (1992); Moreno G Fabias, who has alleged ill-treatment by arresting officers (1991); Gerardo E Chong, allegedly ill-treated after arrest (1992); and Cuthbert Athanaze, who claimed he was ill-treated by police officers in December 1993.


For more articles:: Search Amnesty International’s website

[accessed 9 January 2019]

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Human Rights Reports » 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 25, 2009

[accessed 6 February 2013]

[accessed 7 July 2019]

PRISON AND DETENTION CENTER CONDITIONS – In the Netherlands Antilles, judges may sentence juveniles under the age of 16 who have committed serious offenses to prisons where they serve time together with adults; however, authorities allocated funding during the year to expand prison capacity to permit such juvenile offenders to be kept separately.

Shortcomings in detention and prison facilities, particularly overcrowding, persisted in Curacao and St. Maarten (Netherlands Antilles); however, due to increases in the capacity of their custodial facilities, overcrowding was no longer a problem in Aruba and Bonaire (Netherlands Antilles). A pilot project employing house arrest for selected inmates continued. A shooting, several stabbings, and a hunger strike took place among inmates of the Bon Futuro prison on Curacao. Prison guards went on strike once over labor conditions. On St. Maarten inmates went on strike once over remuneration for prison work and other grievances. The government reserved 25 million Netherlands Antilles guilders (approximately $14 million) for the improvement of the Bon Futuro prison and for detention centers on the other Antillean islands.

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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- Netherlands Antilles",, [accessed <date>]