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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                             

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic liberalization and international integration. They have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive export-driven industries.

Agriculture's share of economic output has continued to shrink from about 25% in 2000 to less than 20% in 2008. Deep poverty has declined significantly and is now smaller than that of China, India, and the Philippines. Vietnam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one-and-a-half million people every year.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Vietnam

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Vietnam.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


“Children of the Dust” - Abuse of Hanoi Street Children in Detention

Human Rights Watch, November 12, 2006 -- ISBN: C1814

[accessed 15 August 2011]

SUMMARY - Between 2003 and 2006, Human Rights Watch received credible reports of serious abuses of street children in Hanoi. Primarily poor children from the countryside who go to Hanoi to find work, street children are routinely and arbitrarily rounded up by police in periodic sweeps. They are sent to two compulsory state “rehabilitation” centers on the outskirts of town, Dong Dau and Ba Vi social protection centers, where they may be detained for periods ranging from two weeks to as much as six months.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Hanoi helps underprivileged children - free hotline 1 800 1567

Voice of Vietnam VOV News, 07/01/2008

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

With the assistance of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Hanoi Youth Union and the Hanoi Women’s Union have set up healthy life clubs in two districts, drawing the participation of many underprivileged children.  In particular, the free hotline 18001567 has provided needed consultancy to more than 2,100 street children.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 11 February 2020]

CHILDREN - According to the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), there were 21,869 street children in the country as of February 2003. Street children were vulnerable to abuse and sometimes were abused or harassed by police. International NGOs documented numerous cases of Cambodian children trafficked to Ho Chi Minh City for short‑term work in begging rings.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 31 January 2003

[accessed 17 January 2011]

[35] The Committee notes with deep concern that, as recognized in the State party's report, family disintegration, including divorce, is on the rise and contributes to the increasing numbers of children in conflict with the law, and of those living on the street and abusing drugs. The Committee is further concerned at the growing gap between rich and poor families, and that poverty puts children at greater risk of exploitation and abuse.

[51] The Committee welcomes the State party's ratification of ILO Convention No. 182, concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor. However, it remains concerned that the incidence of the economic exploitation of children remains widespread in the agricultural sector as well as in gold mines, timber operations, the service sector and other private sector enterprises. The Committee is also concerned at the high number of children living and working on the street.

Children found tortured, abused

Viet Nam News, November, 11 2010 -- Source: VNS

[accessed 13 November 2010]

According to the children's testimony, they were raised in a children's home in Dong Nai Province in Bien Hoa City. They ran away from the home after being abused.   The children were beaten with sticks and chains, tied up and held underwater. They were also required to do housework on an empty stomach.

Dong Nai Province's Children's Home was established in 1998 by the provincial Youth Union to help street children reintegrate into society.

Life skills education key for street kids

VietNamNet Bridge, VietNamNet/Viet Nam News, 05/05/2009

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

More than 1,000 children had travelled to HCM City from the countryside with dreams of finding jobs to earn money to support themselves.   Popular jobs include shining shoes and selling lottery tickets.   "The children aren’t aware that they’re vulnerable to the world of violence, drugs, abuse and prostitution," Giang said.

Armed with a Paintbrush

[Last access date unavailable]

LURED TOWARD A TRAP - Before joining AWAP, Thao roamed the streets from six a.m. to 11 p.m., marketing lottery tickets, postcards, candies, and other goods to tourists, who chuckled at her insistent smile and broken English. Vietnam’s 25,000 street children typically come from poor families or rural areas and migrate to the city to find work. This work leads them to rely on foreigners as their lifeline, but once these children lose their endearing innocence, they resort to making money through deceit.

Vi, another young artist, was lured into an adult begging ring at the age of eight. An older woman used Vi as bait to gain sympathy from foreigners, pretending to be her mother and promising to split the profits. When a local policeman caught Vi stealing a tourist’s wallet, he beat her to the ground.   “My real mother needed the money,” Vi explained, rolling up the sleeves of her pajama top to expose the bruises. “I had no other choice.” Many street children end up back on the streets as adult beggars, drug dealers, or prostitutes. The cycle repeats itself.

Mother courage

Tuoi Tre News, May 2, 2008

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

At a rented house in a suburb of HCMC, 53-year-old Truong Hong Tam serves as a surrogate mother for these abandoned youths, carrying out a mission to provide to others a foundation of support she never had.

When Tam was young, her father left with another lover and her mom remarried, leaving four orphaned children to fend for themselves.  Seven-year-old Tam often stole rice to feed her three younger sisters and many times she was beaten as a result.  The children slept on sidewalk pavements and the oldest sister was prone to molestation by men who scoured the streets at late hours preying on vulnerable youth.

But the challenges of homelessness ravaged the young girl as she became a drug addict at the age of 14 and a petty street criminal who had to commit illegal acts to survive.

Man on a mission

Tuoi Tre News, April 7, 2008

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

From early in the morning until late at night, Viet would go out on the streets and research the lives of the street merchants.  He would approach men, women and children selling goods on the city sidewalks and interview them, aspiring to bring about better circumstances for the workers and their families.  If a child selling goods on the streets expressed an interest in education, Viet would take him or her to join a charity class.  If another had run away from their family, Viet would collect money to help the child return home or would write to the child’s family to come and pick them up.  All the while, Viet was compiling a wealth of information on local charity classes, housing options, and organizations that could offer help to the underprivileged children living on Hanoi’s streets.

Greater commitment to Vietnamese street children needed

AsiaNews, Ho Chi Minh City, 03/10/2008

[accessed 15 August 2011]

In Vietnam, according to data by the Street Educators’ Club, the number of street children has dropped from 21,000 in 2003 to 8,000 in 2007. In particular, the number went from 1,507 to 113 in Hanoi and from 8,507 to 794 in Ho Chi Minh City. By contrast, the number of migrant children is up. And street children are by and large migrants as well.

Thua Thien-Hue launches project to support street children

Thuy Trang, Thanhnien News, March 3, 2008

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Under the project titled “Eliminating beggars to enable a healthy town for tourism,” street children will be recruited to live and study at five orphanages in the town.  Nearly 300 local children live on the street, according to statistics reported by the town’s Committee of Population, Family and Children.

Children’s tears

VietNamNet Bridge, 03/12/2007  -- Source: DS&PL

[accessed 15 January 2017]

Every morning, when restaurants and cafes around the Thanh Cong apartments in Hanoi open their doors, Tham is there.  Carrying a bag as big as her body, which contains shoe polish, a brush, some pieces of cloth, and several old sandals, Tham goes through all restaurants and cafes to ask customers if they want their shoes shined.  At the age of 14, Tham does not have a chance to go to school. She has to work to seek three meals a day. Her day begins at 5 in the morning and goes till 9 or 10 in the evening.

Tham is the youngest of three siblings. Her family is very poor. Her father was a drunk who died three years ago. One year later, Tham’s eldest brother died of drugs. Her mother married again, leaving Tham and her brother to a relative. Tham had to go to Hanoi to work. When Tham was at home, she was a shy little girl but life has stolen her innocence.

Man builds hope for street children

Viet Nam News, 24/10/2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

Before 1975, Ran was recognised as a beggar blowing his harmonica for money. Wherever he went he was surrounded by a group of ragged children who came to the city to make a living.  Ran was an uninvited guest to almost all the big parties in town, hoping to take left over food for the hungry kids waiting outside.  After the city was liberated in 1975, together with a group of kind-hearted people, Ran gathered the street children in one place to provide food, shelter and teach them how to read, write and do simple math. He also taught them to be good citizens.  Ran’s dream was to open a home for street children.

FRENCH FIRST LADY HELPS - One day he wrote a letter to the French First Lady, Danielle Mitterrand asking for her support.

Any street children in future?

Voice of Vietnam VOV News, 06/08/2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

The EC has committed more than 6.8 million euros to help Vietnam achieve the goal of having no street children roaming on the roads.  Since its launch three years ago, the project has been implemented in 10 precincts of the three major cities of Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Nha Trang and 40 communes from seven cities and provinces of Vinh Phuc, Hung Yen, Thanh Hoa, Ha Tinh, Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Ngai and Phu Yen.  The project’s overall objective is to ensure the children, particularly street children or vulnerable children, have the right to attend school, be taken care of and stay in a safe home.  In addition to attending school, many of them are sent to vocational training centres to learn a career to help their parents supplement their meager incomes.

One Man and His Dream - Giving hope to disadvantaged youths in Vietnam

Judy Yates, Epoch Times, Jul 23, 2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

The legacy of the war in Vietnam is that the country's population is young and poor. Sixty per cent are under the age of 25. Many who travel from the countryside to the cities with dreams of finding jobs and making enough money to support themselves fail to find the life they were searching for. They end up living on the streets, selling postcards, shining shoes and are horribly vulnerable to a world of drugs, exploitation and prostitution.

Former street kid becomes chef at five-star hotel

Viet Nam News, 17/07/2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Former street kid Mai Manh Cong never hoped to earn a decent living but with every hand turned against him, another has helped him up and now he’s a top chef in a five star hotel.

One day due to hunger he collapsed by Go Vap war memorial. A passer-by took pity on him and took him to Sai Gon Railway Station’s Club for street children.  This act of kindness marked the turning point for the youngster.

Cong caught a whiff that a cooking class was to start and he started saving all his money to pay for the fees.  Far from being put off by being the only boy in a class full of women, Cong quickly discovered he had a special talent. After two years of studying, he was awarded a certificate of merit and when HCM City’s Department of Labour, Invalid and Social Affairs opened a professional restaurant course in 2003, he was selected to join up.  Eventually, with a fistful of passion and determination, Cong got an internship to cook at Omni five star hotel.

From then on, Cong’s lucky star hasn’t stopped shining. As soon as he completed his internship, he was invited to become a chef at the hotel.

Hanoi restaurant aids the poor [with Video]

Reuters, Jun. 19, 2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Street children and other disadvantaged kids learn to cook delicious Vietnamese and Western dishes, tend bar, wait tables and speak ''hospitality English'' at Koto before they go on to work at some of the finest hotels and restaurants in Vietnam.

Measures to help street children

02/06/2007 -- Source: ND

[accessed 15 August 2011]

DISADVANTAGED STREET CHILDREN - At noon on a hot day, near the wall of the Hang Day stadium, on Phan Phu Tien street, Nguyen Van Vy, 12, and his elder brother Nguyen Van Duc, 15, are seen working hard, shining shoes and sandals.  "In summer, fewer people wear shoes, so we earn a few tens of thousands of dong. In winter, we earn double."  Vy went on to say: "We work here on Saturdays and Sundays. On other days, we work in the morning and in the afternoon we go to school."

A “support network” for 22 thousand street children

Viet Nam News, 17/07/2007

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

65 Drop in centres and hospices in Ho Chi Minh City not only offer new hope to the small abandoned children, they also give fresh opportunities for work experience to students who want to work in the field of social welfare.

Street Children at Risk Before APEC Summit

Human Rights Watch News, New York, 12 Nov 2006

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Government roundup campaigns to clear Hanoi's streets of "wanderers" and "vagrants" are landing street children in detention centers, where some are beaten and subject to other forms of abuse, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Human Rights Watch is concerned that street children are particularly vulnerable to arrest now, as the Vietnamese government attempts to present its best face for this week's meetings in Hanoi of world leaders, including US President George Bush, for the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.

Vietnam rejects human rights report on street children

Xinhua News Agency, HANOI, Nov. 14 2006

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Vietnam has rejected a recent report of an international human rights group about the country's gathering and bad treatment to homeless kids, Vietnam News Agency (VNA) reported Tuesday.  The report of the U.S.-based Human Right Watch which says street children in Hanoi have been brought to social sponsorship centers and brutally treated, when the city prepares for this week's Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit, is "a complete fabrication", the VNA quoted Spokesman of the Vietnamese Foreign Ministry Le Dung as saying.

Citibank-funded vocational training course for street children opens

Vietnam News Agency VNA, July 1, 2010

[accessed 15 August 2011]

A vocational training course for 50 street children in Hanoi, which is being funded by the Citibank Fund, opened on September 25.

During the three-month course, the children will receive training in hotel services, refrigeration equipment repairs and welding.

Self-sacrificing xe om drivers ride to the rescue

Viet Nam News VNS, 13-AUG-2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

HELPING UNDERPRIVILEGED KIDS - "Some of the children don’t seem to trust us or believe that we only want to help them, so we have to ask them again and again to go to class," Luc said. "But the biggest hurdle is keeping the children practicing reading and writing because they say it is too difficult for them, since they’ve been living freely on the street for long."

City tackles issue of homeless children

Viet Nam News VNS, 01/08/2006

[accessed 16 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

According to estimates by the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), the number of street children in Vietnam is estimated to be around 23,000, including 1,500 in Hanoi and nearly 9,000 in HCM City.

Helpline assists children and parents

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 25 July 2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

As a joint effort by PLAN International and the National Committee for Population, Family and Children, the pilot project Helpline provides advice and assistance for social issues concerning children, and after two years of service, has many success stories about assisting children in need.

The Helpline, 18001567 has become familiar to both children and their caregivers with 93,860 calls, which exceeded the expectation of project organisers.

Among child callers were students, street-children, child labourers and children with disabilities.  Children aged 11 to 18 accounted for 63 per cent of total callers.

Centres care for disadvantaged kids

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 11 July 2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

"Who wants to buy peanuts, sweets or cake?" one street child cries out cheerfully as she advertises her wares to eager customers. Like her, street children in the central province of Thanh Hoa now lead meaningful lives earning their own living every day and attending charity centres set up by good samaritans for disadvantaged children to learn and relax.

HCM City gives shelter to more homeless, disabled children

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 04 July 2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

Children who leave their homes in rural areas to move to the city tend to gather in groups, staying together in cramped boarding-houses. Street children from Thanh Hoa Province live en masse in Nga ba Bui doi (street-urchin three-way cross-roads) in Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe Canal. These children mainly work as shoe-shiners and lottery sellers.

Street children who come from Quang Ngai central province live in a large group in the area of the two bridges of Nguyen Tri Phuong and Y. They mainly sell noodles on the street.

As a shoe-shiner, Cuong said "I earn from VND10,000 to VND15,000 each day, but some days I have no food.

Remembering society’s forgotten kids

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 26 May 2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

We have been successful in bringing many street children back to their homes. In 2001, there were approximately 28,000 street children in the whole country. In August 2003, the number was 21,000. The number in 2004 was 16,000 and this past year the number was only 7,699, as of December 31, 2005.

Project gives aid to street children

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 23 May 2006

[Last access date unavailable]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

Truong Tu Son, a 12-year-old homeless boy working as a shoe-shiner in Ha Noi, lost his left leg in a traffic accident last year. One of more than 2,000 children to receive help from a State project on assisting street kids, Son was treated at a city hospital and then went to Ha Nam Province’s Social Sponsoring Centre.

HCM City now has 1,225 street children, compared to 8,500 in 2003, while Ha Noi has basically wiped out homelessness among children.

Street Kids Wear Scars Of Abuse

Viet Nam News VNS, Hanoi, February 18, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

Many children, girls particularly, abandoned by their parents, or tricked into taking jobs under false pretenses, end up abused, begging, and often forced into prostitution.

Reaching out to street and working children - Doan's Story

Plan International

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Doan’s world changed when his parents divorced not long after his fifth birthday. “Nobody took care of me, my father married a new wife, who did not want to care for me and my mother went to China alone in search of a better life”

The Growing Problem Of Street Children In Vietnam

United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Most street children in Viet Nam come from poor rural farming communities, many from families that can’t afford to provide them with adequate food and clothing. Some leave home on their own initiative, while others leave at the request of their financially overburdened parents.

The children

United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF

[accessed 16 August 2011]

ADOLESCENCE - HIV/AIDS is just one of the many risks, which Viet Nam’s estimated 20,000 street children face. Although most move from rural areas to the cities in the hope of providing much-needed income for their families, as many as a quarter have run away from broken or abusive home environments.  Hieu, a 17 year old boy, is typical. During the day, he spends his time either selling newspapers or lottery tickets or shining shoes on the streets of Hanoi.

Information about Street Children - Vietnam  [DOC]

This report is taken from, “A Civil Society Forum for East and South East Asia on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children”, 12-14 March 2003, Bangkok, Thailand

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

A 2001 survey on 10,351 children working on the streets of HCMC gave the following figures of street children’s origins: approximately 9% are from the Northern provinces; 21% are from Central provinces; 32% are from South-West and South-East provinces; 40% are children living with their parents in HCMC.

Street Children in Vietnam - Interactions of Old and New Causes under Economic Growth

Ms Duong Kim Hong, Vietnam Development Forum Tokyo VDF, Street Children Workshop, Nov.2004

[accessed 16 August 2011]

The problem of street children is one of the most pressing social problems in Vietnam in general and in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) in particular. Recently the sight of children selling chewing gum in restaurants or shining shoes in street corners has become familiar. People sometimes call them roaming kids or “dust of life.” [full report – PDF]

Street Children In Vietnam - An Inquiry Into The Roots Of Poverty And Survival ... [PDF]

Andrea Gallina & Pietro Masina, Federico Caffè Centre, Roskilde University Dept. of Social Sciences, Research Report n. 3/2002

[accessed 16 August 2011]

[accessed 15 January 2017]

The report is divided in two main parts. The first provides an extensive review of the literature on disadvantaged children in Vietnam, emphasizing the main causes at the root of the street children conditions and the institutions, local and international, approach to improve it.

Vietnam Street Kids Take Poignant Snapshot

Viet Nam News VNS, Ho Chi Minh City, September 24, 1998

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Tran Dinh Phuoc was desperate to change his life. No more stealing, no more telling lies and no more fighting. But in his line of work it was pretty much against the odds.  At 15, Phuoc was shining shoes for little more than 35 cents a pair on the unforgiving streets of Vietnam's southern Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon.

VN To Buckle Down On Childcare And Protection

Vietnam News Agency VNA, 24 March 2004

[accessed 16 August 2011]

The Government has approved a six-year program to reduce the number of street children, victims of child sexual abuse and children working under harmful and dangerous conditions.

The Real Situation Of Street Children In Vietnam

The Director of Hoa Sua Restaurant-Hotel-Tourism, Speech for the Street Children workshop, 2007-11-10

[accessed 16 August 2011]

According to the statistics of The Ministry of Labor, Invalid and Social Affairs, The current number of street children in the whole country is about 20,000 children, with the largest concentration in Ho Chi Minh City, which has a population of 8.500 street children.

Description of street children in Vietnam - Most are children from complicated and difficult family situations (poor family, divorced parents, orphaned children).

Low level of education.

Street life without stability (eating, living, health care, education)

Earning their living from small occupations : selling newspapers, polishing shoes, selling souvenirs, hired labour, begging for food

In general these are children from small and poor provinces coming to the city to earn their living.

Seasonal street children

Law Center Opens For Poor Kids

Anh Thu, Viet Nam News VNS, HCM City, February 25, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Disadvantaged children will be able to get free legal help from a new social services center in HCM City.  The Social Services Center for Youth and Teenagers in HCM City provides free consulting and legal services for poor children, particularly homeless children and orphans who live in city shelters.  Many of the children are used by pimps or drug dealers to steal, sell drugs, or procure sexual partners for customers.

Program Trains Homeless Kids

Anh Thu, Viet Nam News VNS, HCM City, March 10, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

After 10 years of homelessness, Toan, 21, works as a cook’s assistant for HCM City’s Omni Hotel, a position he got thanks to the Hospitality School for Disadvantaged Children.

Helping street children learn and teach in Viet Nam

Tin T. Nguyen, Our World, September 3, 2004

[accessed 16 August 2011]

My name is Dat.  I have dropped out of school; I would have been in the fourth grade.  I had to quit school because my dad died, so my mom had no one to take care of her.  Therefore, I had to try because I am the only son.  At that time, I had to sell every single one of my lottery tickets.  The more I sold, the more I could help my mother.

Education and housing for blind street-children

UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Approximately 200 of these blind children are living in the streets in Tay Ninh. Economic hardship, mistreatment and family problems forced the kids to live on the street.

Educating the Street Children of Vietnam

Chi Nguyen, Upfront (The New York Times Newsmagazine for Teens)

[accessed 16 August 2011]

They are picked up off the streets and brought to the shelter, where they're fed, clothed, and sent to school or given vocational training. I was startled by their transformations, and touched by how warm, bright, and optimistic they all were.

Education the key to a better future for Vietnamese street children

Foster Parents Plan, Education project in Vietnam

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Foster Parents Plan is working with the Hanoi Committee for Protection and Care of Children to give the street children a better start in life. The project provides counseling, education and vocational training and also supports children who want to leave the city and return home. The committee has set up wards in four districts of Hanoi and works with 1,200 children.

Welcome to CHILDREN’S ART!

Shoshana Lara Woo, US Fulbright Scholar, Vietnam, 2004-05 and Children's Art Coordinator for Rossignol Fine Arts

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Approximately 9,000 Vietnamese children spend their days roaming the city streets. Many of them shine shoes. Many sell lottery tickets or chewing gum. Others simply beg. They might sleep under bridges or on park benches. They must constantly hide from aggressors and police. Though they've learned how to survive, they still face terrible risks that no child should ever have to face.

Sister's Love Reaches Out To Street Children Of Vietnam

Catholic Leader, Brisbane, issue of  4 Apr, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

In Ho Chi Minh City alone there are an estimated 25,000 children living on the streets. Many of these children get caught up in the underworld of drugs and prostitution as they move into the bigger cities.

Vietnam: Alert Over Street Children

Agence France-Presse AFP, Hanoi, October 9  1998

[accessed 16 August 2011]

Up to 16,000 children are estimated by officials to live on the streets, mostly in the two cities, although foreign social workers say the number is much higher.  Most come from poor rural areas and are exploited into accepting low pay or are forced to resort to prostitution, begging or picking through garbage to support themselves in the cities.

Street Children in Ho Chi Minh City

Dylan Foley, The Progressive, December 1996

[accessed 16 August 2011]

After Luong’s mother abandoned him in the center of Ho Chi Minh City, the nine year-old washed cars to survive. Though he was exploited by his boss and paid virtually nothing, he was glad he had a safe place to sleep.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Vietnam",, [accessed <date>]