Torture in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
 

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                          gvnet.com/streetchildren/Sudan.htm

Republic of Sudan

Until the second half of 2008, Sudan's economy boomed on the back of increases in oil production, high oil prices, and large inflows of foreign direct investment.

Agricultural production remains important, because it employs 80% of the work force and contributes a third of GDP. The Darfur conflict, the aftermath of two decades of civil war in the south, the lack of basic infrastructure in large areas, and a reliance by much of the population on subsistence agriculture ensure much of the population will remain at or below the poverty line for years despite rapid rises in average per capita income.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Sudan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Sudan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Juba's street children survive at risk of HIV

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN PlusNews, Juba, 22 June 2007

www.plusnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=72892

[accessed 25 July 2011]

One of the main dangers faced by homeless boys and girls is the sexual predators. "Sometimes it happens that men come and look for boys for sex; they are looking for boys and girls, but where I stay there are only boys," Mabior said.  "It is a mixture: Arabs, southerners, soldiers from all over ... some boys will go straight away for the money, others will resist and refuse, but this means they can get beaten." He said the children earned between US$0.05 and $0.10 for providing sexual services.  Although Mabior had heard of HIV, he had no real understanding of how it is spread, or the dangers posed by unprotected sex.

"There needs to be a campaign to raise awareness of HIV amongst children living on the streets; children need to be encouraged to know their status so they can avoid risky behaviour," Lemi said. "But testing is voluntary, and they will only come forward to be tested if they have been educated."

SUDAN: Living on the streets

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, KHARTOUM, 26 September 2006

www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=61181

[accessed 25 July 2011]

A dozen boys discuss the allure of glue and solvents during their time on the streets of the Sudanese capital Khartoum. Solvents made them braver when they attempted to pick pockets or pilfer from shops. The beatings the police administered hurt less when they were high. Their dreams were vivid and pleasant. Glue filled their empty stomachs for hours when a piece of bread would only stave off hunger for a few minutes.

Making the Best of a Home Away from Home

Nhial Bol, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Khartoum, Jun 1, 1998

hpn.asu.edu/archives/Jun98/0211.html

[accessed 25 July 2011]

Rahman says his parents left him in a railway station in western Sudan when he was very young. He finally made his way to the capital, Khartoum, where he says he has grown up. ''I know what is good and what is bad,'' says Rahman, adding that he entered the school of life early.

Another young boy, from Southern Sudan, told IPS that the young and the old on the streets, who have found themselves cast out of society, have tended to form new families among themselves to survive.

Pointing to an elderly man nearby, who is a leper, the young boy says: ''This man is my father, but not my real father, because he treats me like a son''

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

UNICEFSudan

www.unicef.org/infobycountry/sudan.html

[accessed 25 July 2011]

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61594.htm

[accessed 25 December 2010]

CHILDREN - The government operated "reformation camps" for vagrant children. Police typically sent homeless children who had committed crimes to these camps, where they were detained for indefinite periods. Health care and schooling at the camps generally were poor, and basic living conditions often were primitive. All of the children in the camps, including non‑Muslims, must study the Koran, and there was pressure on non‑Muslims to convert to Islam. In the camps, the PDF often conscripted teenage males (and, in the South, some females). Conscripts faced significant hardship and abuse in military service, often serving on the frontline. There were reports that abducted, homeless, and displaced children were discouraged from speaking languages other than Arabic or practicing religions other than Islam.

Concluding Observations Of The Committee On The Rights Of The Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 4 October 2002

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/sudan2002.html

[accessed 25 December 2010]

[67] While taking note of the adoption by the President of a decision on 19 June 1999 "to deal with the problem of street children", the Committee remains concerned that:  (a) There are large numbers of children living on the street in urban areas and that these children are vulnerable to, among other things, sexual abuse, violence, exploitation and the abuse of various substances and that they lack access to education and adequate health services;  (b) Street children are classified as "vagrants" in the context of government practices.

Myth of JEM child soldiers

Mahmoud A. Suleiman, Sudan Tribune, June 26, 2008

www.sudantribune.com/Myth-of-JEM-child-soldiers,27663

[accessed 25 July 2011]

In order to shed some light on the plight of children in Sudan under the reign of the National Congress Party (NCP) regime, it is worthwhile to obtain background information. Numbers of children on the streets of Khartoum have started to increase rapidly ever since the early 1980s, when many families moved there to escape the war in southern Sudan and the drought afflicting the western regions of Kordofan and Darfur. Two-thirds of the street children in Khartoum the National Capital of Sudan are estimated to sniff petrol-based tyre repair glue.Available data on child labour and street children in Sudan suggests that the number of street children in northern Sudan was around 70000 by the end of the year 2002, with 73% of these living in the streets of Khartoum. Boys make up around 86% of those on the streets, and girls 14%.

Juba's street children survive at risk of HIV

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN PlusNews, Juba, 22 June 2007

www.plusnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=72892

[accessed 25 July 2011]

One of the main dangers faced by homeless boys and girls is the sexual predators. "Sometimes it happens that men come and look for boys for sex; they are looking for boys and girls, but where I stay there are only boys," Mabior said.  "It is a mixture: Arabs, southerners, soldiers from all over ... some boys will go straight away for the money, others will resist and refuse, but this means they can get beaten." He said the children earned between US$0.05 and $0.10 for providing sexual services.  Although Mabior had heard of HIV, he had no real understanding of how it is spread, or the dangers posed by unprotected sex.

"There needs to be a campaign to raise awareness of HIV amongst children living on the streets; children need to be encouraged to know their status so they can avoid risky behaviour," Lemi said. "But testing is voluntary, and they will only come forward to be tested if they have been educated."

Sudanese children abducted for fighting and sex-UN

Reuters, Geneva, 8 Jun 8 2007

www.reuters.com/article/idUSL0817452320070608

[accessed 26 December 2010]

The committee did not spell out whether the forced recruitment was by official Sudanese armed forces, by its allied janjaweed militias, rebel groups or all sides.  But street children and youths uprooted by the conflict which has racked Darfur since 2003 are particularly vulnerable to all forms of exploitation, the U.N. body said.  htsccp

Human Rights Watch - Street Children

Human Rights Watch

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 25 July 2011]

In several countries where we have worked, notably Brazil, Bulgaria, and Sudan, the racial, ethnic, or religious identification of street children plays a significant role in their treatment. The disturbing notion of "social-cleansing" is applied to street children even when they are not distinguished as members of a particular racial, ethnic, or religious group. Branded as "anti-social," or demonstrating "anti-social behavior," street children are viewed with suspicion and fear by many who would simply like to see street children disappear.

Saving Khartoum's abandoned babies

John Goddard, Toronto Star, Apr 15 2007

www.thestar.com/News/article/203256

[accessed 25 July 2011]

Sharia law in Sudan demands that a woman who gives birth out of wedlock be lashed 100 times.  Along with official punishment comes lifelong shame for both mother and child. Rather than face such consequences, many women hide the pregnancy under their robes, deliver the baby in secret and abandon it to the streets.

In 2003, government figures show, babies were being abandoned to Khartoum streets at the rate of 110 a month. And in the five years from 1998 to 2003, roughly half of abandoned babies died before being found – some of dehydration, others of blood poisoning through the umbilical cord. A few were eaten by dogs.

Survivors usually ended up at the Maygoma institution for illegitimate babies, only to be treated as outcasts not worthy of care. During the same five years, of the 2,500 babies admitted to Maygoma, 2,100 died – a mortality rate of 84 per cent.

Press Conference by Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict

UN Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York, 8 February 2007

www.un.org/News/briefings/docs/2007/070208_Coomaraswamy.doc.htm

[accessed 25 July 2011]

According to Ms. Coomaraswamy, communities were also ill-equipped to absorb child soldiers who were demobilized, leading many to return to the armed forces where they seemed to enjoy a clearer sense of status and belonging.  As a result of the finding, it had been decided that UNICEF would conduct a study to determine the types of social services needed to ensure that children were better rooted in the community upon leaving the military.

While in Juba, she said she had also noted the burgeoning number of orphans and street children throughout the Sudan, saying it would require programmatic intervention by the United Nations.

SUDAN: Living on the streets

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, KHARTOUM, 26 September 2006

www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=61181

[accessed 25 July 2011]

A dozen boys discuss the allure of glue and solvents during their time on the streets of the Sudanese capital Khartoum. Solvents made them braver when they attempted to pick pockets or pilfer from shops. The beatings the police administered hurt less when they were high. Their dreams were vivid and pleasant. Glue filled their empty stomachs for hours when a piece of bread would only stave off hunger for a few minutes.

Information About Street Children - Sudan [DOC]

This report is taken from “A Civil Society Forum for North Africa and the Middle East on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children”, 3-6 March 2004, Cairo, Egypt

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 25 July 2011]

The privatization of public services, together with limited public awareness of children’s rights, has deprived street children of access to health, education, shelter and other social services. They are forced instead to rely on leftovers as a source of food, and to washing themselves and their clothes on the streets. This renders them vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses and infections such as cholera, gonorrhea, STDs and HIV/AIDS.

Street Children - The Facts

New Internationalist Magazine, Apr 1, 2005

www.thefreelibrary.com/Street+children:+the+facts.-a0131758378

[accessed 25 July 2011]

[scroll down to RELATED ARTICLE]

Sudan - With poverty rates as high as 90% among the general population, there are 70,000 street children in Northern Sudan, 86% of them boys. The vast majority are employed.

AIDS Orphans Throng The Streets

Nhial Bol, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Khartoum, January 13, 1999

www.aegis.com/news/ips/1999/IP990102.html

[accessed 25 July 2011]

The boy, aged 13, claims he was kicked out of the house and told that his parents died of carelessness.  Before he was brought to the hostel, he had spent one year on the streets, eking out a living by begging.  Social workers accuse Sudan's hard-line Islamic regime of not doing enough to alleviate the plight of the street children.  Instead, they say, the regime spends most of its time rounding up the children, who are regarded as an "eye sore".

War Child Newsflash 1998

War Child NL, North Sudan

www.warchild.org/news/News_archive/1998/1998.html

[accessed 25 July 2011]

[scroll down]

SHAMS STREET CHILDREN PROJECT, KHARTOUM - An idea was developed to bring street children from all around Khartoum together in a football competition. For Sudanese street children, a football is a possession to dream about.

The streetboys of Khartoum, ranging in age from 8 to 18. In December 1997, twenty football teams were formed with street children and children in reformatories, orphanages, drop-out schools and displaced community centres.

Making the Best of a Home Away from Home

Nhial Bol, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Khartoum, Jun 1, 1998

hpn.asu.edu/archives/Jun98/0211.html

[accessed 25 July 2011]

Rahman says his parents left him in a railway station in western Sudan when he was very young. He finally made his way to the capital, Khartoum, where he says he has grown up. ''I know what is good and what is bad,'' says Rahman, adding that he entered the school of life early.

Another young boy, from Southern Sudan, told IPS that the young and the old on the streets, who have found themselves cast out of society, have tended to form new families among themselves to survive.

Pointing to an elderly man nearby, who is a leper, the young boy says: ''This man is my father, but not my real father, because he treats me like a son''

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Sudan", http://gvnet.com/streetchildren/Sudan.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Sudan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Sudan]  [other countries]