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Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century gvnet.com/streetchildren/Palau.htm

Republic of Palau

The economy consists primarily of tourism, subsistence agriculture, and fishing. The government is the major employer of the work force relying heavily on financial assistance from the US.

Business and tourist arrivals numbered 85,000 in 2007. The population enjoys a per capita income roughly 50% higher than that of the Philippines and much of Micronesia. [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Palau

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Palau. Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

HOW TO USE THIS WEBPAGE

Students

If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you. You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street. Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public and how they abuse each other. Would you like to write about market children? homeless children? Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc. There is a lot to the subject of Street Children. Scan other countries as well as this one. Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions. Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.

Teachers

Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports 2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 6, 2007

2009-2017.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2006/78786.htm

[accessed 10 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The government provided a well funded system of public education for children. There was no difference in the treatment of girls and boys in educational opportunities or in the availability of scholarships to attend postsecondary education abroad. Education was free, universal, and mandatory from ages six to 17. Of the 94 percent of school age children who attended school in 2005, 97 percent finished elementary school and 78 completed high school. Girls and boys received equal treatment in health care services.

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS [d] The law states that the government shall protect children from exploitation. There is no minimum age for employment. Children typically were not employed in the wage economy, but some assisted their families with fishing, agriculture, and other small scale family enterprises.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 26 January 2001

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/palau2001.html

[accessed 15 December 2010]

[38] The Committee notes with concern the breakdown of the traditional extended family structure and the increasing number of female-headed households, particularly in the light of the lack of a welfare support system and alternative care facilities, as well as of inadequate early child-care services. The Committee further expresses concern at the increasing number of children living and/or working on the streets and the lack of policies, programmes and services to provide greater protection and care for these children and to strengthen families.

Calls, in Preliminary Remarks, for Interpretation of Customary Laws

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 23 January 2001 Press Release

www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/view01/605C30A89098CFC4C12569DE002C3CE6?opendocument

[accessed 3 July 2011]

DISCUSSION - Asked about the situation of street children, the delegate said because of Palau's traditions, there were no "street children" as such; there was however, a small group of children -- only seven -- who chose to live on the street as a matter of personal choice because they were unwilling to shoulder responsibility within their families. The case was referred to social workers for assistance to reintegrate them into their respective families.

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