Main Menu
Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                       


Two notable characteristic of the post-war economy were the close interlocking structures of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors, known as keiretsu, and the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force. Both features are now eroding under the dual pressures of global competition and domestic demographic change.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Japan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Homelessness in Japan - Cardboard Village and the Shogun’s Law

Tamae Ishiwatari, Tokyo -- From the January/February 1999 issue of Share International

[accessed 5 June 2011]

The homeless in Tokyo tend to cluster in a few main areas: for instance, one of Tokyo’s busiest areas near the central station in the Shinjuku ward; 2 million commuters come in and out of this area everyday. On the renovated west side of the station, a cardboard village had spread out around the underground station and also along the underground passage leading to the Metropolitan Government buildings.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 9 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The highest level of public school education provided is 12 years of schooling. Primary education is free and compulsory through the lower secondary level (age 15 or the 9th grade). Education was widely available to students who met minimum academic standards at the upper secondary level through age 18. Society places an extremely high value on education, and enrollment levels for both boys and girls through the upper secondary level exceeded 94.4 percent.

Personality Profile - Alice Harrington - Yokohama International Women's Club

Vivienne Kenrick, The Japan Times, April 10, 2004

[accessed 5 June 2011]

[accessed 4 December 2016]

Among YIWC's charitable concerns, apart from the children's homes, are a home for the elderly, a training center for physically and mentally handicapped people, a center for young adults with Down syndrome, a school for the blind, and a day-care center for homeless children.  YIWC not only raises money for these charities, but also guarantees the human warmth of personal, continuing contacts.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Japan",, [accessed <date>]