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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                             

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

The discovery and exploitation of large oil reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth in recent years. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the neglect of the rural economy under successive regimes has diminished potential for agriculture-led growth.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Equatorial Guinea.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Child Labor Increasing in Equatorial Guinea

afrol News (African News Agency), 21 November 2000

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 June 2013]

According to more recent news from the Equatorial Guinean opposition, the current crisis in the educational sector effects more than 80 percent of the population, living in poverty and without the means to send their children to foreign boarding schools. According to the representative of UNICEF in Equatorial Guinea, 50 per cent of school-age children do not attend primary school.


*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 3 February 2011]

CHILD LABOR LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT - In 2001, the government passed a measure banning all children under the age of 17 years from being on the streets and working after 11 p.m.  This measure was undertaken by the Ministry of the Interior to curb growing levels of prostitution, delinquency, and alcoholism among youths employed in bars, grocery stores, and as street hawkers.  The new law calls for arrest of violators and fining of parents as punishment for violations.  There is no available information assessing the government’s enforcement or the impact of this measure.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 8 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The government devoted little attention to children's rights or their welfare and had few policies in this area, although it sponsored a few seminars, media programs, and announcements on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In 2004 the parliament passed a trafficking in persons law, focused almost exclusively on trafficked children; however, no other provisions for the welfare of children were legislated.

There are instances of street children living in the country. The average age was 10. They have been the targets of police sweeps in an effort to reduce trafficking in persons.

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] In June the government issued a decree relating to child labor, forbidding the employment of children in street vending, car‑washing, and selling or attending in bars and restaurants, but this law was rarely and only periodically enforced. According to a 2001 child labor study by UNICEF, the most recent information available, child labor existed primarily in the form of children working as farmhands and market vendors in family businesses. In addition during the year there were unconfirmed reports that foreign children were used as market vendors by non-relatives and had no access to schooling.

Concluding Observations Of The Committee On The Rights Of The Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 November 2004

[accessed 3 February 2011]

[56] The Committee welcomes the State party’s ratification of ILO Conventions No. 138 and No. 182 in 2001 and takes note of the adoption in 2004 of the new law against smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons. Nevertheless, it remains concerned at the significant number of children, especially girls, working on the street and as domestic servants and about the lack of effective implementation of the labor laws and mechanisms to control child labor.

[58] The Committee is concerned at the growing number of child prostitutes in the streets of the State party’s capital. It is also concerned that the State party’s report lacks specific data on sexual exploitation and trafficking of children and information on legislation on sexual exploitation.

Equatorial Guinea

Consortium for Street Children

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 May 2011]

The poverty and status of street children does not appear to be a concern of the government.  Most international NGOs in the country are currently focusing on street girls, because of the common discrimination they face, along with dealing overall health issues and HIV care.

Committee On Rights Of Child Considers Report Of Equatorial Guinea

UN Committee On The Rights Of The Child (CRC) Press Release, 24 September 2004

[accessed 11 May 2011]

Since the exploitation of hydrocarbons in Equatorial Guinea some ten years ago, the country had witnessed an influx of foreigners into its territory. A parallel development has been the presence of many street children of foreign origin working as vendors.

Committee On Rights Of Child Concludes Thirty-Seventh Session

Press Release HR/4796, UN Information Service, Geneva, 1 October 2004

[accessed 7 Aug  2013]

Given the significant growth rate of the gross domestic product in the State party, the Committee was deeply concerned about the persistence of widespread poverty and the still high number of children who did not enjoy the right to an adequate standard of living, including adequate housing and other basic services.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children – Equatorial Guinea",, [accessed <date>]