Torture in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
 

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                              gvnet.com/streetchildren/CzechRepublic.htm

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Maintaining an open investment climate has been a key element of the Czech Republic's transition from a communist, centrally planned economy to a functioning market economy. As a member of the European Union, with an advantageous location in the center of Europe, a relatively low cost structure, and a well-qualified labor force, the Czech Republic is an attractive destination for foreign investment.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: CzechRepublic

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in the Czech Republic.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Large numbers of street children discovered in Chechnya

Ruslan Isayev, Prague Watchdog, Chechnya, March 23rd 2007

www.watchdog.cz/?show=000000-000002-000001-000186&lang=1

[accessed 6 May 2011]

The “difficult” children, as they are called by the staff of the republic’s juvenile rehabilitation inspectorates, are now approaching their favourite time of year, when it becomes possible for them to sleep out in the open. With the arrival of spring, their numbers usually increase.

The lives of such children have a rather narrow focus, which  is centred mostly on begging, stealing, or at best a job at a gas station. Many of them start smoking or experimenting with alcohol at any early age. The most common activity is glue-sniffing. Before the war, foreign cameramen could literally “smell out” the places where such children were hiding, and the estranged faces of young drug addicts often appeared in the world's television news.

Rustam was only 10 when the second war began. His was the usual fate of the neglected child : divorced parents, a bad stepmother, a drunken father. Now he is almost 17. He has a job as an ancillary worker on a construction site, and earns around 300 roubles (about $12) a day. He is going to get married. He likes to remember the time when he was homeless. “They were the freest years of my life,” he jokes.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

UNICEF Czech Republic

www.unicef.org/infobycountry/crepublic_statistics.html

[accessed 6 May 2011]

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61644.htm

[accessed 31 January 2011]

CHILDREN - The government is committed to children's rights and welfare. The government provides free and compulsory education through age 15. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) reported a primary school enrollment rate of 90 percent from 2000 to 2004. Most children continued through secondary school. There were no statistics available on Romani attendance rates.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 31 January 2003

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/czechrepublic2003.html

[accessed 31 January 2011]

[63] The Committee is concerned that there is a growing number of children living on the street in urban areas vulnerable to, inter alia, sexual abuse, violence, including from the police, exploitation, lack of access to education, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS and malnutrition. Furthermore, the Committee notes that the primary response to the situation of these children, as described by the State party in its report, is institutionalization.

Large numbers of street children discovered in Chechnya

Ruslan Isayev, Prague Watchdog, Chechnya, March 23rd 2007

www.watchdog.cz/?show=000000-000002-000001-000186&lang=1

[accessed 6 May 2011]

The “difficult” children, as they are called by the staff of the republic’s juvenile rehabilitation inspectorates, are now approaching their favourite time of year, when it becomes possible for them to sleep out in the open. With the arrival of spring, their numbers usually increase.

The lives of such children have a rather narrow focus, which  is centred mostly on begging, stealing, or at best a job at a gas station. Many of them start smoking or experimenting with alcohol at any early age. The most common activity is glue-sniffing. Before the war, foreign cameramen could literally “smell out” the places where such children were hiding, and the estranged faces of young drug addicts often appeared in the world's television news.

Rustam was only 10 when the second war began. His was the usual fate of the neglected child : divorced parents, a bad stepmother, a drunken father. Now he is almost 17. He has a job as an ancillary worker on a construction site, and earns around 300 roubles (about $12) a day. He is going to get married. He likes to remember the time when he was homeless. “They were the freest years of my life,” he jokes.

Up To Ten Thousand Czech Children Go Missing Every Year

Dita Asiedu, Radio Prague, 24-05-2005

www.radio.cz/en/section/curraffrs/international-missing-childrens-day-up-to-ten-thousand-czech-children-go-missing-every-year

[accessed 6 May 2011]

Although most missing children are found, Mrs Baudysova points to the disturbing fact that in the short time they spend out on the streets, they are at a very high risk of being abused:  With time the great majority of the missing children in the Czech Republic do turn up, and statistics include only those cases reported to the police.  The number of children who are abducted is unknown but is believed to make up only a fraction of the total number of those who go missing, most of whom are runaways.

Ashoka Fellows -  Michaela Wicki

This profile was prepared when Michaela Svobodova was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship in 1997

www.ashoka.org/node/2935

[accessed 8 Aug  2013]

In order to improve the quality of life of runaways, Michaela has started a series of related programs that are designed to meet the varied and complex needs of these troubled young people as they move from homeless runaways to productive adult member of society.

Facts - An International Perspective

Re-Solv, the national charity solely dedicated to the prevention of solvent and volatile substance abuse (VSA)

www.re-solv.org/international.asp

[accessed 6 May 2011]

[scroll down to Czech Republic] - Volatile substances are the second most commonly abused substances, after medical drugs. Since 1970 young people have been sniffing a cleaning substance called "Cikuli"

Czech Republic, Reports to Treaty Bodies

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, August 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 6 May 2011]

The following points were noted with concern:   the growing number of street children, noting their vulnerability to, among other things, sexual abuse, violence (including from the police), exploitation, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS and malnutrition; the rise of delinquency and crimes committed by children; discriminatory behavior on the part of some persons working with and for children, including teachers and doctors.

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Torture in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Czech Republic]  [other countries]