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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                       

State of Brunei Darussalam

Brunei has a small well-to-do economy that encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition.

The government provides for all medical services and free education through the university level and subsidizes rice and housing.

Plans for the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, increasing agricultural production, and, in general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Brunei Darussalam.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 7 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Education is free, compulsory, and universal for the first 12 years, after which it is still free but no longer compulsory. The highest level of education achieved by most children was completion of secondary school, which normally consists of 12 to 14 years in school, ending at age 16 to 18 depending on whether the student pursues a vocational, academic, or arts course of study in secondary school. A significant percentage of students continued on to tertiary education. With a few exceptions, involving small villages in extremely remote areas, nutritional standards were high and poverty was almost unknown.

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] Various laws prohibit the employment of children under age 16. Parental consent and approval by the Labor Commission is required for those under 18. Female workers under 18 may not work at night or on offshore oil platforms. The Department of Labor (DOL), which is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs, effectively enforced laws on the employment of children. There were no reports of violations of the child labor laws.

The government adhered to the standards of ILO Convention 182 on the worst forms of child labor

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 October 2003

[accessed 24 January 2011]

[14] The Committee is concerned that insufficient efforts have been made to involve civil society in the full implementation of the Convention and in the reporting process

[18] The Committee is concerned at the existing lack of systematic and comprehensive collection of disaggregated data for all areas covered by the Convention and in relation to all groups of children in order to monitor and evaluate progress achieved and assess the impact of policies adopted with respect to children.

[20] The Committee is aware of the measures undertaken to promote widespread awareness of the principles and provisions of the Convention and welcomes the translation of the Convention into Malay, but is of the opinion that these measures are not sufficient and need to be strengthened by providing the necessary resources.  In this respect, the Committee is concerned at the lack of a systematic plan to introduce training and raise awareness among professional groups working for and with children.

[51] The Committee acknowledges that the Sate party is not a member of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and is concerned that the minimum age for employment is not clear

[57] The Committee recommends that the State party ratify the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and on the involvement of children in armed conflict.

'Ojek' ride can be bit scary but is cheaper and faster

SOBRINA ROSLI, The Brunei Times, JAKARTA, August 19, 2007

[accessed 10 April 2011]

Though in Brunei, you do see young children peddling food goods from home coming into restaurants and approaching strangers, the number of the children you see begging and roaming the streets here are numerous, on some days I have also seen mothers cradling their babies on cloths tied between two posts around the streets.

Statement at the UN Special Session (UNGASS) On Children

Statement by The Honorable Pehin Dato Haji Hussain, Brunei Darussalam Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, United Nations, New York, 9th May 2002

[accessed 10 April 2011]

Brunei is indeed fortunate not to be concerned with issues like child labor, street children, children in armed conflict and trafficking of children among others. Nonetheless, relevant agencies are available to address such issues.

Brunei Darussalam: Government Keen on Child Labor free Hari Raya

Asia Child Rights ACR Weekly Newsletter Vol.1, No.4

[accessed 10 April 2011]

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The Hari Raya festival, which falls on December 6th this year, marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.  However, these days also witness a steep increase in the numbers of “festive” child beggars on the streets of Brunei.  Acknowledging this problem, a warning has been issued to parents and guardians to avoid exploiting their children for begging or other illegal activities or face stern punishment.

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