Torture in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
 

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                              gvnet.com/streetchildren/Algeria.htm

Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the eighth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the fourth-largest gas exporter; it ranks 15th in oil reserves. Sustained high oil prices in recent years have helped improve Algeria's financial and macroeconomic indicators.

The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Algeria

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Algeria.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Algeria aims to defend children's rights

Nazim Fethi, Magharebia, Algiers, 05/06/2007

www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/features/2007/06/05/feature-02

[accessed 28 March 2011]

www.crin.org/en/library/publications/algeria-efforts-protect-child-rights

[accessed 21 November 2016]

In an attempt to tackle juvenile delinquency, the government has decided that the best solution is to reintroduce offending children into schools. It has thus planned to establish a child protection research and monitoring centre, to be overseen by the Ministry of Employment and Solidarity. Employment Ministry General Secretary Abdellah Bouchenak announced that "this centre will gather data from all 48 wilayas on matters such as the situation of street children, and will also clarify the sociological, psychological and medical aspects of the care these children need." This will make it possible to "improve and step up efforts to provide special care for this group in society."

In a bid to reintegrate children into the schooling system, the government has introduced vocational training for pupils who have dropped out. Only 200,000 seats were made available in the programme, well below the approximately 450,000 children who abandoned their studies last year. Additionally, attendance is not mandatory for vocational training, which makes it more difficult to recruit students in large numbers.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

UNICEF - The Big Picture

www.unicef.org/infobycountry/algeria.html

[accessed 28 March 2011]

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61685.htm

[accessed 18 January 2011]

CHILDREN - The government provides free education for children through high school. Free education is compulsory until the age of 16. The most recent figures released by the Ministry of National Education show that in 2004, more than 90 percent of children completed the ninth grade, on average the highest grade level normally attained by students. Boys and girls generally received the same education, although rural girls were slightly more likely to leave school because of familial financial reasons, and sons were often given educational priority.  Economic necessity compelled many children to resort to informal employment, such as street vending.

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] No child labor was reported in the industrial sector; however, economic necessity compelled many children to resort to informal employment. Many children worked part time or full time in small workshops, on family farms, and in informal trade. A report from the Ministry of National Solidarity in 2004 stated that more than 25,000 children between the ages of 6 and 14 were working in the informal economy.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 30 September 2005

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/algeria2005.html

[accessed 10 January 2016]

[76] The Committee takes note of the findings of a study conducted in 2001 that children become street children due to socio-economic problems, such as poor housing, unemployment and poverty, and family problems, such as domestic violence and abuse, and it is concerned that these root causes of the phenomenon of street children are not sufficiently addressed. In addition, the Committee is concerned about street children's limited access to adequate nutrition, clothing, housing, social and health services and education and their vulnerability to economic and sexual exploitation.

Algeria aims to defend children's rights

Nazim Fethi, Magharebia, Algiers, 05/06/2007

www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/features/2007/06/05/feature-02

[accessed 28 March 2011]

www.crin.org/en/library/publications/algeria-efforts-protect-child-rights

[accessed 21 November 2016]

In an attempt to tackle juvenile delinquency, the government has decided that the best solution is to reintroduce offending children into schools. It has thus planned to establish a child protection research and monitoring centre, to be overseen by the Ministry of Employment and Solidarity. Employment Ministry General Secretary Abdellah Bouchenak announced that "this centre will gather data from all 48 wilayas on matters such as the situation of street children, and will also clarify the sociological, psychological and medical aspects of the care these children need." This will make it possible to "improve and step up efforts to provide special care for this group in society."

In a bid to reintegrate children into the schooling system, the government has introduced vocational training for pupils who have dropped out. Only 200,000 seats were made available in the programme, well below the approximately 450,000 children who abandoned their studies last year. Additionally, attendance is not mandatory for vocational training, which makes it more difficult to recruit students in large numbers.

Information About Street Children - Algeria [DOC]

This report is taken from “A Civil Society Forum for North Africa and the Middle East on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children”, 3-6 March 2004, Cairo, Egypt

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 20 September 2011]

A lack of cohesion between family members was a particularly common reason, and three-quarters of the children interviewed said this was their main reason for leaving. Violence appeared to be widespread, with over 60% of them admitting being victims of violence within their families.

EU-Funded Initiative to Help Algeria’s Children

Daily News, February 10 2005

www.turks.us/article.php?story=20050210074127458

[accessed 28 March 2011]

www.algeria.com/forums/open-board-forum-libre/7232-eu-funded-initiative-help-algeria%92s-children.html

[accessed 28 March 2011]

On the phenomenon of street children in Algeria, Khayati said a polytechnic agricultural school is to be established in two months to educate the street children, calling for combating such a phenomenon and rehabilitating those kids to join the labor market.

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Torture in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Algeria]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Algeria]  [other countries]