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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                   

Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

Declining oil prices have also reduced the government’s ability to use state-driven growth to distribute rents and fund generous public subsidies, and the government has been under pressure to reduce spending. Over the past three years, the government has enacted incremental increases in some taxes, resulting in modest increases in prices for gasoline, cigarettes, alcohol, and certain imported goods, but it has refrained from reducing subsidies, particularly for education, healthcare, and housing programs.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2021]

Description: Algeria

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Algeria.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Algeria aims to defend children's rights

Nazim Fethi, Magharebia, Algiers, 05/06/2007

[accessed 28 March 2011]

[accessed 21 November 2016]

In an attempt to tackle juvenile delinquency, the government has decided that the best solution is to reintroduce offending children into schools. It has thus planned to establish a child protection research and monitoring centre, to be overseen by the Ministry of Employment and Solidarity. Employment Ministry General Secretary Abdellah Bouchenak announced that "this centre will gather data from all 48 wilayas on matters such as the situation of street children, and will also clarify the sociological, psychological and medical aspects of the care these children need." This will make it possible to "improve and step up efforts to provide special care for this group in society."

In a bid to reintegrate children into the schooling system, the government has introduced vocational training for pupils who have dropped out. Only 200,000 seats were made available in the programme, well below the approximately 450,000 children who abandoned their studies last year. Additionally, attendance is not mandatory for vocational training, which makes it more difficult to recruit students in large numbers.


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UNICEF - The Big Picture

[accessed 28 March 2011]

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 4 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The government provides free education for children through high school. Free education is compulsory until the age of 16. The most recent figures released by the Ministry of National Education show that in 2004, more than 90 percent of children completed the ninth grade, on average the highest grade level normally attained by students. Boys and girls generally received the same education, although rural girls were slightly more likely to leave school because of familial financial reasons, and sons were often given educational priority.  Economic necessity compelled many children to resort to informal employment, such as street vending.

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] No child labor was reported in the industrial sector; however, economic necessity compelled many children to resort to informal employment. Many children worked part time or full time in small workshops, on family farms, and in informal trade. A report from the Ministry of National Solidarity in 2004 stated that more than 25,000 children between the ages of 6 and 14 were working in the informal economy.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 30 September 2005

[accessed 10 January 2016]

[76] The Committee takes note of the findings of a study conducted in 2001 that children become street children due to socio-economic problems, such as poor housing, unemployment and poverty, and family problems, such as domestic violence and abuse, and it is concerned that these root causes of the phenomenon of street children are not sufficiently addressed. In addition, the Committee is concerned about street children's limited access to adequate nutrition, clothing, housing, social and health services and education and their vulnerability to economic and sexual exploitation.

Information About Street Children - Algeria [DOC]

This report is taken from “A Civil Society Forum for North Africa and the Middle East on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children”, 3-6 March 2004, Cairo, Egypt

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 20 September 2011]

A lack of cohesion between family members was a particularly common reason, and three-quarters of the children interviewed said this was their main reason for leaving. Violence appeared to be widespread, with over 60% of them admitting being victims of violence within their families.

EU-Funded Initiative to Help Algeria’s Children

Daily News, February 10 2005

[accessed 28 March 2011]

[accessed 28 March 2011]

On the phenomenon of street children in Algeria, Khayati said a polytechnic agricultural school is to be established in two months to educate the street children, calling for combating such a phenomenon and rehabilitating those kids to join the labor market.

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