Torture in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                              gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Venezuela.htm

Bolivarian Republic of

Venezuela

Venezuela remains highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for roughly 90% of export earnings, about 50% of the federal budget revenues, and around 30% of GDP.

Fueled by high oil prices, record government spending helped to boost GDP by about 9% in 2006, 8% in 2007, and nearly 6% in 2008. This spending, combined with recent minimum wage hikes and improved access to domestic credit, has created a consumption boom but has come at the cost of higher inflation - roughly 20% in 2007 and more than 30% in 2008. Imports also have jumped significantly.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Venezuela

Venezuela is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Venezuelan women and girls are trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation, lured from poor interior regions to urban and tourist areas such as Caracas and Margarita Island. Victims are often recruited through false job offers, and subsequently coerced into prostitution. Some Venezuelan children are forced to work as street beggars or as domestic servants. Venezuelan women and girls are trafficked transnationally for commercial sexual exploitation to Mexico, in addition to Caribbean destinations such as Trinidad and Tobago, the Netherlands Antilles, and the Dominican Republic.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Venezuela.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Venezuela's Record in Combating Human Trafficking

VenInfo.org, 2006

www.libertadlatina.org/LL_EN_News_06_2010.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

[scroll down]

IS VENEZUELA'S TIER 3 DESIGNATION POLITICALLY MOTIVATED? - According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) many countries with many more human trafficking violations than Venezuela have been assigned Tier 1 or Tier 2 status while others with less serious records receive Tier 3. Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue notes in an opinion piece published in the New York Times that “in the State Department’s 2003 Human Trafficking report Venezuela did not even appear among the five worst offenders in the Western Hemisphere” and that “the Bush administration has not provided compelling and persuasive evidence that warrants singling out one country.”

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

FM Rodríguez rejects OAS report on human trafficking

El Universal EU Daily News, Caracas, June 08, 2006

english.eluniversal.com/2006/06/08/en_pol_art_08A719169.shtml

[accessed 16 January 2011]

Venezuelan Foreign Affairs Alí Rodríguez Araque Wednesday rejected as biased, influenced and judgmental a report on Venezuela published by the Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), Organization of American States (OAS).

Annual Report Of Activities By The Anti-Trafficking In Persons Section Of The Organization Of American States - April 2005 To March 2006 [DOC]

SIXTH MEETING OF MINISTERS OF JUSTICE OR OF MINISTERS OR ATTORNEYS GENERAL OF THE AMERICAS, April 2005 to March 2006, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 13 April 2006

www.procuraduria.gov.do/PGR.NET/RemjaVI/Informes/Ingles.doc

[accessed 16 January 2011]

VENEZUELA - At its 35th regular session, held in Fort Lauderdale, the General Assembly of the Organization renewed the mandate of holding a Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons in its resolution AG/RES. 2118 (XXXV-O/05) “Fighting The Crime Of Trafficking In Persons.” In turn, the OAS Permanent Council, meeting on August 25, 2005, adopted the resolution “Convocation of the Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons,” CP/RES. 889 (1503/05), which was later reviewed at the sessions held on November 30, 2005, and January 24, 2006, and in which it was agreed that the meeting would take place on Isla Margarita in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on March 14-17, 2006. The meeting on Isla Margarita was attended by national authorities from the member states, civil society, and international agencies including the IOM, the ILO, and the UNODC; it was also the first hemispheric forum at which the countries of the Americas met to discuss issues related to the implementation of legal instruments for tackling human trafficking, preventing the phenomenon, punishing traffickers, providing protection and victim assistance, and exchanging information, experiences, and international cooperation. One of the outcomes of this meeting was the production of a document containing its conclusions and recommendations, which will be presented at the REMJA VI meeting to be held on April 24-26 next in the Dominican Republic.

Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation Between Venezuela and Ecuador

Survivors' Rights International SRI, July 17, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

BACKGROUND - Women and children are also trafficked into Venezuela. Women from countries like Colombia are trafficked into Venezuela through prostitution trade networks originating in Colombia.  Children from Ecuador are trafficked into Venezuela to serve as prostitutes and work as street vendors and housemaids.  The victims are usually children who are kidnapped, sold by their parents, or deceived by false employment opportunities.  These children are first exploited through prostitution at the average age of 12.  Children as young as 7 years old have been found to be sexually exploited.  Of the 40,000 sexually exploited children in Venezuela, 78% are girls between the ages of 8 and 17.

Venezuela's Record in Combating Human Trafficking

VenInfo.org, 2006

www.libertadlatina.org/LL_EN_News_06_2010.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

[scroll down]

IS VENEZUELA'S TIER 3 DESIGNATION POLITICALLY MOTIVATED? - According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) many countries with many more human trafficking violations than Venezuela have been assigned Tier 1 or Tier 2 status while others with less serious records receive Tier 3. Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue notes in an opinion piece published in the New York Times that “in the State Department’s 2003 Human Trafficking report Venezuela did not even appear among the five worst offenders in the Western Hemisphere” and that “the Bush administration has not provided compelling and persuasive evidence that warrants singling out one country.”

What a difference a year makes: The US Trafficking in Persons Report!

Philip Stinard, VHeadline.com, June 17, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

Venezuelan Vice Foreign Minister Arevalo Mendez Romero was correct to brand this report as ?cynical and arrogant,? even if you ignore that fact that the US has a well-documented slave and prostitution trade that makes Venezuela?s situation look like a Sunday school picnic. One last amazing thing is that the report can cite a 2003 case of Venezuelan prostitutes in Spain, but can?t acknowledge that the Venezuelan government captured a large group of 100+ Colombian paramilitaries smuggled into the country by Venezuelan opposition forces, and gave special care and attention to the minors, returning them to their families in Colombia.

Venezuelan Statement to UN

The Dominion Daily Weblog, September 15, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

The reason given to justify this decision consists of an alleged negligence  on the part of the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to act properly against illegal human trafficking by transnational organized crime. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela not only contemplates in its internal legislation human trafficking as illegal, but it is also part of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime as well as the Protocol to Prevent & Sanction the Traffic of Persons ... especially women and children ... treaties that went into effect on December 25, 2003.

Domestic media spin suggests Cuba is trafficking teenage women to Venezuela

Patrick J. O'Donoghue, VHeadline.com, August 27, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

In a misleading title Venezuelan tabloid El Mundo reads: report reveals sexual trafficking from Cuba to Venezuela.

The report does not offer proof or confirm the spin that the Cuban government is responsible for the trafficking, or maliciously that it forms part of the current cultural and economic agreement signed by Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez Frias.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/venezuela.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Venezuela is a destination, transit, and source country for children trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation.  Children are trafficked internally for labor and sexual exploitation, as well as from other South American countries, especially Ecuador, to work in the capital city of Caracas as street vendors and domestics.  There are also reports that children from Venezuela have been abducted and used as soldiers by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61745.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – There were reports that the country was a source, destination, and transit country for trafficked men, women, and children. An underdeveloped legal framework, corruption among immigration authorities, and the ease with which fraudulent passports, identity cards, and birth certificates could be obtained created favorable conditions for trafficking. No overall statistics on trafficking were available from government or NGO sources.

Human rights NGOs received complaints that women were trafficked to Europe for purposes of prostitution. Subgroups particularly at risk included women from poor areas. Undocumented or fraudulently documented Ecuadorian and Chinese nationals transited the country and reportedly were forced to work off the cost of their transportation in conditions of servitude.

Organized criminal groups, possibly including Colombian drug traffickers, Ecuadorian citizens, and Chinese mafia groups, reportedly were involved in trafficking activities

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 8 October 1999

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/venezuela1999.html

[accessed 16 January 2011]

[24] The Committee welcomes the measures taken to eliminate irregularities in the procedures concerning adoption (e.g., direct placement of children, known as entrega inmediata), but it remains concerned that the State party has not reformed its domestic legislation relating to inter-country adoption in accordance with the obligations established under the Hague Convention of 1993 on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Inter-country Adoption

[33] While the Committee notes the information submitted by the State party on the trafficking and sale of Ecuadorian children and welcomes the measures undertaken by the State party's authorities to combat this phenomenon, the Committee is of the opinion that measures in this regard need to be strengthened.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

21 May 2001

www.unhcr.org/refworld/publisher,CESCR,CONCOBSERVATIONS,VEN,3cc7f9e86,0.html

[accessed 26 August 2011]

[16] The Committee is alarmed about the high rate of domestic violence and the extent of child prostitution and trafficking in children, and regrets the lack of available statistics on the number of street children. The Committee is deeply concerned about the extent of the sex trade involving children and the inability of the State party to address these issues.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 4   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/venezuela

[accessed 28 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/americas/venezuela

[accessed 16 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number F2308 .W4 1993

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/vetoc.html

[accessed 16 January 2011]

 

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Torture in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]