Torture in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

Published reports & articles from 2000 to 2018                                    gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Jordan.htm

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Jordan is a small Arab country with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources. Poverty, unemployment, and inflation are fundamental problems, but King Abdallah II, since assuming the throne in 1999, has undertaken some broad economic reforms in a long-term effort to improve living standards.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Jordan

Jordan is a destination and transit country for women and men from South and Southeast Asia for the purpose of forced labor. There were some reports of women from Morocco and Tunisia being subjected to forced prostitution after arriving in Jordan to work in restaurants and night clubs. Women from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and the Philippines migrate willingly to work as domestic servants, but some are subjected to conditions of forced labor, including unlawful withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, threats, and physical or sexual abuse. During the reporting period, the Government of the Philippines continued to enforce a ban on new Filipina workers migrating to Jordan for domestic work because of a high rate of abuse of Filipina domestic workers by employers in Jordan. At the end of the reporting period, an estimated 600 Filipina, Indonesian, and Sri Lankan foreign domestic workers were sheltered at their respective embassies in Amman; most of whom fled some form of forced labor. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Jordan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

HOW TO USE THIS WEB-PAGE

Students

If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page to see which aspect(s) of Human Trafficking are of particular interest to you.  Would you like to write about Forced-Labor?  Debt Bondage? Prostitution? Forced Begging? Child Soldiers? Sale of Organs? etc.  Scan other countries as well.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.

Teachers

Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Embassies urge greater policing of agencies that traffic migrant workers

Jordan Times, Amman Jordan, January 22, 2001

www.friends-partners.org/partners/stop-traffic/1999/1496.html

[accessed 16 February 2011]

Since 1996, the Philippine government limits employment of nationals within Jordan to specific employers; members of the Royal family, senior government employees, members of diplomatic missions and UN personnel.  However, workers circumvent these restrictions by falsifying their travel status and end up working in private homes without regulation or protection.  Because so many choose or are tricked into unregulated work environments, they are subject to abuse and exploitation.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 5   Civil Liberties: 5   Status: Partly Free

2018 Edition

freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2018/jordan

[accessed 11 February 2019]

G4. DO INDIVIDUALS ENJOY EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY AND FREEDOM FROM ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION?

There are approximately 1.4 million migrant workers in Jordan, of whom about a million have no work permit, making them especially vulnerable to exploitation. Most refugees also lack work permits. Labor rights organizations have raised concerns about poor working conditions, forced labor, and sexual abuse in Qualifying Industrial Zones, where mostly female and foreign factory workers process goods for export. Other problematic sectors include agriculture and domestic service. The legal minimum wage remains below the poverty level and excludes large classes of workers. Rules governing matters such as working hours and safety standards are not well enforced.

2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 20 April 2018

www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2017/nea/277249.htm

[accessed 25 March 2019]

PROHIBITION OF FORCED OR COMPULSORY LABOR

In the garment sector, the government inspected factories and investigated allegations of forced labor. Forced labor or conditions indicative of forced labor occurred, particularly among migrant workers in the domestic work and agricultural sectors. Activists highlighted the vulnerability of agricultural workers due to minimal government oversight. Activists also identified domestic workers as particularly vulnerable to exploitation due to inadequate government oversight, social norms that excused forced labor, and workers’ isolation within individual homes. Labor inspectors did not regularly investigate reports of labor or other abuses of domestic workers in private homes, and inspectors could not enter a private residence without the owner’s permission except with a court order. NGOs reported the Joint Antitrafficking Unit preferred to settle potential cases of domestic servitude through mediation, rather than referring them for criminal prosecution. As of June the Ministry of Labor resolved 452 of 512 complaints received from domestic workers.

2017 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, US Dept of Labor, 2018

www.dol.gov/sites/default/files/documents/ilab/ChildLaborReport_Book.pdf

[accessed 18 April 2019]

[page 552]

Children in Jordan engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in street work and other hazardous activities in the service sector. (1; 2; 3; 4) Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture. (5; 6; 7) Based on the 2016 National Child Labor Survey, approximately 70,000 children ages 5 to 17 are engaged in child labor, most commonly in agriculture and retail trade. Approximately 80 percent of child laborers are Jordanian and about 15 percent are Syrian. (6) Boys constitute nearly 90 percent of those involved in child labor. (6).

Investigate Human Trafficking in Jordan, Send Home the Victims Before Christmas

Janess Ann J. Ellao, Bulatlat.com, Manila, October 9, 2010

www.bulatlat.com/main/2010/10/09/investigate-human-trafficking-in-jordan-send-home-the-victims-before-christmas-migrants-group/

[accessed 16 February 2011]

Sometime in May 2009, Nheljean said they got a phone call from her sister, telling them her employer was beating her up and had even pointed a gun at her. She ran away and was taken under custody of her recruitment agency in Jordan. Her second employer, however, also maltreated her. So she ran away again.

But the harsh conditions she had to live with in the custody of the recruitment agency, for instance the insufficient food and chance to change her clothes, even, had pushed her to escape from its custody. Jean reportedly escaped by sliding down a pipe from the fifth floor of her agency’s building. This time, she went to the Philippine Overseas Labor Office – Overseas Workers Welfare Association office to seek help. Jean wanted to go home.

Going home, however, is easier said than done. Upon arriving at POLO-OWWA office in Amman, Jordan, Jean was told she has to pay $1,000 for her deployment cost first. “This is already discounted,” Jeans was told by a Welfare Officer.

Hearing :: Combating Trafficking for Forced Labor Purposes in the OSCE Region

United States Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, (Helsinki Commission), October 11, 2007

www.csce.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=ContentRecords.ViewTranscript&ContentRecord

_id=397&ContentType=H,B&ContentRecordType=H&CFID=18849146&CFTOKEN=53

[accessed 7 September 2011]

2001-2009.state.gov/g/tip/rls/rm/07/93496.htm

[accessed 19 September 2016]

For example, a contract labor agency in Bangladesh advertised work at a garment factory in Jordan. The ad promised a 3-year contract, $425 per month, 8 hour workdays, 6 days a week, paid overtime, free accommodations, free medical care, free food, and no advance fees. Instead, upon arrival, workers (who were obliged to pay exorbitant advance fees) had passports confiscated, were confined to miserable conditions, and were prevented from leaving the factory. Months passed without pay, food was inadequate, and sick workers were tortured. Because most workers had borrowed money at inflated rates to get the contracts, they were obliged through debt to stay. The sad truth is that we find workers across the globe holding on to the thin hope that they will eventually get paid, or that conditions will improve, because if they leave, there is no hope that they will be able to repay the debt.

Commercial sexual exploitation of children - Middle East/North Africa region

based on the situation analysis written by Dr Najat M’jid for the Arab-African Forum against Commercial Sexual Exploitation, Rabat, Morocco, 24-26 October 2001

www.unicef.org/events/yokohama/backgound8.html

[accessed 16 February 2011]

FORM AND PREVALENCE OF CSEC IN THE REGION - Early marriage is common in some of the countries of the region.  This practice is considered to increase children’s vulnerability to CSEC because it legitimizes early sexual activity. Between 1995 and 2000, a United Nations Population Fund report on young married women between the ages of 15 and 19 showed that, of this age group … in Jordan 9 per cent of girls aged 15-19 are married (legal age of marriage is 17

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women - Jordan

www.catwinternational.org/factbook/Jordan.php

[accessed 16 February 2011]

ORGANIZED AND INSTITUTIONALIZED SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND VIOLENCE

CASE - Rania Arafat, 21, was shot four times in the back of the head by her 17-year-old brother for refusing an arranged marriage to her cousin and eloping with her boyfriend, and thereby bringing shame on the family. ("Dishonor, Then Death," World Press Review, February 1998).

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/jordan.htm

[accessed 16 February 2011]

CHILD LABOR LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT - Compulsory labor is prohibited by the Constitution of Jordan.  While the law does not specifically prohibit forced or bonded labor by children, such practices are not known to occur.  A Jordanian law specifically prohibits trafficking in children, and there is no indication that children were trafficked, to, from, or within the country.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61691.htm

[accessed 16 February 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The law prohibits trafficking in children; however, it does not specifically prohibit trafficking in other persons. Other criminal statutes prohibit slavery and indentured servitude. In October Western media reported the August 2004 killing of 12 Nepali migrant workers in Iraq. According to the reports, an employment agency in Nepal colluded with Morning Star, a recruiting agency in Amman, to bring the men through Jordan to Iraq to work. Several of the men were told that they would be working for a hotel in Amman, but instead they were taken to Iraq, where they were captured and killed by insurgents. The government subsequently closed Morning Star.

In 2004 to reduce the potential for abuse of foreign domestic workers (FDWs), the government adopted new and stricter procedures that regulate the importation of such labor (see section 6.e.). While these changes improved the legal framework to protect FDWs, lack of awareness among employers and employees remained a problem. The government has undertaken a cooperative program with the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) to raise the awareness of FDWs on the new protections afforded them. The Ministry of Labor (MOL) regularly visits the employment agencies that hire and import FDWs to ensure compliance with the law.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) [DOC]

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, September 29, 2006

www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/68a6439ed0f8e956c1257259004be2f2/$FILE/G0645032.doc

[accessed 16 February 2011]

[92] The Committee regrets the lack of data on the extent and magnitude of commercial sexual exploitation of children and trafficking in children for exploitative purposes in the State party. It also regrets the insufficient legal protection of boys below the age of 18 against commercial sexual exploitation and the absence of a specific legal framework to protect children from trafficking.

[86] While noting the high number of migrant workers in the State party, and particularly the estimated  number of undocumented workers and the weak protection against exploitation and abuse provided to them, the Committee is concerned at the situation and vulnerability of their children residing in Jordan.

[88] The Committee commends the State party for its cooperation with ILO/IPEC, including for signing the Memorandum of Understanding with ILO for the implementation of IPEC Country Programme. It welcomes the various measures taken to address the issue of child labour in Jordan, including the 2002 amendment of the Labour Code provision on the minimum age for employment of children working in hazardous occupations which raised the minimum age to 18 years. Despite these positive measures, the Committee remains concerned about the prevalence of child labour in the State party. It notes with particular concern information that the employment of children has steadily grown in recent years, especially in agriculture. The Committee is further concerned that the protection provided by the Labour Code does not apply for children working in the informal sector (for example, in small family enterprises, agriculture and domestic labour).

The Protection Project - Jordan

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/jordan.doc

[accessed 2009]

www.protectionproject.org/country-reports/

[accessed 13 February 2019]

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - The purpose of trafficking in Jordan is primarily for forced labor. It has been noted that young children arrive in Jordan to work as maids. There are reportedly thousands of female migrant workers in Jordan, some laboring under forced and abusive conditions.

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/middle-eastn-africa/jordan

[accessed 16 February 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DS153 .J677 1991

www.loc.gov/item/91029874/

[accessed 7 June 2017]

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Jordan", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Jordan.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Jordan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Jordan]  [other countries]