Torture in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                    gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Burundi.htm

Republic of Burundi

Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural with more than 90% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture.

An ethnic-based war that lasted for over a decade resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in 15 adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Burundi

Burundi is a source country for children trafficked for the purposes of child soldiering, domestic servitude, and commercial sexual exploitation.

Human trafficking of Burundian adults and children with albinism to Tanzania for the forcible removal of body parts may occur; so-called Tanzanian traditional healers seek various body parts of persons with albinism for traditional medical concoctions commonly purchased to heal illness, foster economic advancement, or hurt enemies.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Burundi.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to verify their authenticity or to validate their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Burundian's ordeal in Lebanon

BBC News, 27 June 2007

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6241214.stm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

Burundi's courts are investigating the alleged trafficking of young Burundian girls and women. Magistrate Arcade Niyongabo has told the BBC many of them think they are seeking asylum in Europe, but end up working as gardeners, maids or prostitutes in Lebanon.

First of all they refused to pay me the amount we had agreed before I left.  When we arrived home, my boss told me I would be paid $50 a month whilst before I left we agreed I would be paid $100.  After three months, I asked for my payments so that I could send money to my brothers and sisters.  My boss gave me only $150. I complained I should be given $300. She said I was being paid $50 a month.

We went through lots of ordeals.  The husband or son of the lady I worked for would often rape me. And there was no way you could complain: I felt they would not hesitate to kill me.  You just kept quiet. We were often beaten and tortured. They chose food for us, they would decide the clothes that we would put on, but being beaten was the most common practice.  There was little difference between prostitution and working as a maid because even when you chose house work, you would often be raped there.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/burundi.htm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Rebel forces continue to force or abduct children to serve as child soldiers or perform related activities.  Child soldiers from Burundi have also fought in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  There are no reliable data on the number of children serving in armed forces.  There are reports that child trafficking occurs both within Burundi and across borders.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61557.htm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The Ministry for National Solidarity, Human Rights, and Gender was responsible for combating trafficking.

During the year Burundi was a source and transit country for children trafficked for the purpose of forced soldiering. There also were reports of coerced sexual exploitation of women by both government soldiers and rebel combatants. The trafficking of child soldiers by the PALIPEHUTU-FNL within the country was a problem.

The government supported public awareness campaigns and programs to prevent trafficking and continued to demobilize and provide assistance to former child soldiers from the FDN, GP, and six former rebel groups.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 October 2000

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/burundi2000.html

[accessed 25 January 2011]

[71] The Committee is concerned about the participation of children in the State party's armed forces, either as soldiers, or as helpers in camps or in the obtaining of information. The Committee is also concerned about reports of widespread recruitment of children by opposition armed forces. The Committee is further concerned at reports of sexual exploitation of children by members of the armed forces. The Committee is deeply concerned about violations of the provisions of international humanitarian law relating to the treatment of civilians in armed conflict.

Diverse Human Trafficking Trends in East African Region Highlights Urgent Need for Greater Protection

International Organization for Migration IOM, 12-10-2010

www.iom.int/cms/en/sites/iom/home/news-and-views/press-briefing-notes/pbn-2010/pbn-listing/diverse-human-trafficking-trends-in-east.html

[accessed 25 January 2011]

In Tanzania, IOM found evidence of child trafficking from Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda for sexual exploitation, fishing, domestic servitude and agricultural labour.

Adult victims were identified in the domestic sector, as well as the mining, agricultural and hospitality industries.

Migration body to monitor human trafficking impact

[access information unavailable]

"Many girls are taken from Iringa and brought to major cities to work as housegirls but they end up being subjected to prostitution and other works which they did not expect, this is internal trafficking," she said.

Many young boys, she said, are taken to work in the mining companies, something which not only denies their rights but also are psychosocially affected.

The Protection Project - Burundi [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/burundi.doc

[Last accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Women and girls are trafficked to European cities and to South Africa for prostitution. The number of children trafficked from Burundi to the United Kingdom has increased in recent years. Parents often pay significant sums to send their children to the United Kingdom, believing that their children will have a better life there. On arriving, however, girls from African countries are threatened with voodoo curses to make them think that if they tell anyone about the traffickers, they and their families will die. They are told that the only way to remove the curse is to repay the money they owe to the traffickers, which is usually about UK£25,000.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 4   Civil Liberties: 5   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/burundi

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview by Human Rights Watch – Defending Human Rights Worldwide

www.hrw.org/africa/burundi

[accessed 25 January 2011]

Child Soldier Use 2003 - A Briefing for the 4th UN Security Council Open Debate on Children and Armed Conflict

Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, January 2004

www.hrw.org/reports/2004/childsoldiers0104/4.htm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

GOVERNMENT FORCES - The government of Burundi recognized the existence of child soldiers within its ranks and made international commitments to stop recruitment and promote demobilization. Child soldiers continued to be used by the Burundian armed forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

NON-STATE ARMED GROUPS - Child recruitment by armed opposition groups escalated during the year because of increased instability brought about by the change in government.

The main Hutu-dominated armed political group, the CNDD-FDD (Nkurunziza faction), which has rear bases in eastern DRC, reportedly continued to recruit and abduct children, including from schools and from refugee camps in neighbouring Tanzania. Children as young as eight were recruited, sometimes forcibly.

Burundian's ordeal in Lebanon

BBC News, 27 June 2007

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6241214.stm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

Burundi's courts are investigating the alleged trafficking of young Burundian girls and women. Magistrate Arcade Niyongabo has told the BBC many of them think they are seeking asylum in Europe, but end up working as gardeners, maids or prostitutes in Lebanon.

First of all they refused to pay me the amount we had agreed before I left.  When we arrived home, my boss told me I would be paid $50 a month whilst before I left we agreed I would be paid $100.  After three months, I asked for my payments so that I could send money to my brothers and sisters.  My boss gave me only $150. I complained I should be given $300. She said I was being paid $50 a month.

We went through lots of ordeals.  The husband or son of the lady I worked for would often rape me. And there was no way you could complain: I felt they would not hesitate to kill me.  You just kept quiet. We were often beaten and tortured. They chose food for us, they would decide the clothes that we would put on, but being beaten was the most common practice.  There was little difference between prostitution and working as a maid because even when you chose house work, you would often be raped there.

Travel advice by country - Country Profiles: Burundi

Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 15 July 2008

www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/country-profile/sub-saharan-africa/burundi/?profile=all

[accessed 25 January 2011]

[scroll down]

HUMAN RIGHTS - The human rights situation in Burundi remains poor, with widespread abuses committed by all parties, particularly in the rural areas surrounding the capital. Tens of thousands of people remain internally displaced. Killing of civilians, reprisal killings, torture, rape, theft, illegal and arbitrary detention, and forced labour have been reported. Rape and gang rape against women, girls and boys is on the increase. The judicial system has little capacity to act in timely and impartial manner, and impunity is pervasive. The indigenous Twa (Pygmy) people remain marginalised economically, socially, and politically.

History of Burundi

Gascoigne, Bamber. “History of BurundiHistoryWorld. From 2001, ongoing

www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad25

[accessed 25 January 2011]

The immediate effect of the attempted coup is the flight abroad of Mwambutsa, leaving his 18-year-old younger son in Burundi. In July 1966 the prince deposes his absent father and takes the crown. But before the end of the year he too has been deposed by his prime minister, Michel Micombero.

A republic is proclaimed, and it is one in which the Tutsi are now unmistakably in power. The subsequent decades reveal that it is a power which they wield with ruthless brutality. The worst blot on Burundi's record is the ethnic slaughter unleashed upon the Hutu community in April and May 1972, in response to an attempted uprising. At least 100,000 people are killed, among them nearly all Hutus of the professional or educated class.

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Torture in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Burundi]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Burundi]  [other countries]