Torture in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                    gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Armenia.htm

Republic of Armenia

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia has made progress in implementing many economic reforms including privatization, price reforms, and prudent fiscal policies.

Armenia has managed to reduce poverty, slash inflation, stabilize its currency, and privatize most small- and medium-sized enterprises.

Despite strong economic growth, Armenia's unemployment rate remains high. Armenia will need to pursue additional economic reforms in order to improve its economic competitiveness and to build on recent improvements in poverty and unemployment, especially given its economic isolation from two of its nearest neighbors, Turkey and Azerbaijan.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Armenia

Armenia is primarily a source country for women and girls trafficked to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Turkey for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Armenian men and women are trafficked to Russia for the purpose of forced labor. NGOs reported that Armenian women were also trafficked to Turkey for the purpose of forced labor. Women from Ukraine and Russia are trafficked to Armenia for the purpose of forced labor. Victims trafficked to the UAE usually fly to Dubai from Yerevan or via cities in Russia; the trafficking route to Turkey is generally via bus through Georgia. A small number of Armenian girls and boys are trafficked internally for purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced begging.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Armenia.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to verify their authenticity or to validate their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Gyumri’s Human Trafficking Victims

Varduhi Zakaryan, Hetq Online, January 15, 2007

archive.hetq.am/eng/society/0701-worker.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

“Seven of us lived in one room, where we didn't even have the most basic facilities. We would be kept partly hungry almost all the time – there would be days when we would eat dry bread, cabbage stems and even days when we would go hungry. We had already been working in those conditions for eight months when we learned that Ararat had not sent any money back to our families, even though he would swear on his brother's grave that our families were receiving payments regularly each month,” narrated 42-year old Robert Karapetyan, a resident of Gyumri.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/armenia.htm

[accessed 19 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Trafficking of girls to Turkey and the United Arab Emirates for prostitution is a problem.

[276] Minors are sometimes unaccompanied by their parents, which implies the involvement of corrupt officials in the trafficking chain. See IOM, Trafficking in Women and Children from the Republic of Armenia: A Study, Yerevan, 2001, 10, 11, 20, 22. Girls are also thought to be trafficked to Germany, Greece, the United States, and other European countries. See U.S. Department of State, Country Reports- 2003: Armenia, Section 6f. See also U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report - 2004: Armenia, Washington, D.C., June 14, 2004.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61635.htm

[accessed 19 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – According to the general prosecutor's office, at least 80 women were victims of trafficking in 2004. Trafficking organizations typically recruited victims with the promise of high paying work in another country. Once in the country of destination, victims were deprived of their travel documents, locked in hotel rooms, and told that they must "repay" their expenses. There were reports of women encouraged to become recruiters for trafficking rings with a promise of keeping a percentage of their "earnings." Prostitutes, orphans, the homeless, and those in difficult financial situations were at particular risk of being trafficked. Trafficking victims were at greatly increased risk of sexually transmitted diseases, and some reported incidents of physical violence.

Victims reported that Russian and Armenian border guards were easily bribed or commonly worked with traffickers. Some prosecutors were also reportedly complicit in trafficking. There were persistent allegations that senior members of the prosecutor general's office were susceptible to outside influence. Some observers asserted agreements between corrupt court officials and traffickers were also common. There were persistent reports that police employees and employees of the country's international airport assisted traffickers with transportation of victims to and through the country. Unlike in previous years, there were no arrests in these types of cases

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, January 30, 2004

sim.law.uu.nl/SIM/CaseLaw/uncom.nsf/0/431b11a18a3ec535c1256e2e0044014e?OpenDocument

[accessed 19 January 2011]

[243] The Committee welcomes the recent efforts made by the State party to combat the phenomenon of trafficking and sale of children in the State party, including the establishment of an inter-agency commission to deal with trafficking in women and children and the amendment of the Criminal Code in April 2003 whereby trafficking and sexual exploitation are made specific criminal offences. However, the Committee notes that a comprehensive policy to combat trafficking in women, girls and boys is still lacking. Furthermore the Committee is concerned that refugee children and children living in orphanages may be particularly at risk.

Exact data on trafficking victims not available in Armenia

PanARMENIAN, May 8, 2009

www.panarmenian.net/eng/society/news/31336/

[accessed 19 January 2011]

The data on trafficking victims on the territory of Armenia is not exact and should be corrected. According to the data of non-governmental organizations, the number of detected crimes in the area of human trafficking was 8 in 2007 and 4 in 2008 in Armenia. Eva Bede also noted, that 80 per cent of trafficking victims are women.  «PanARMENIAN.Net»

Human Trafficking: Armenia is Reporting More Cases

Panorama.am, 05/09/2007

www.panorama.am/en/law/2007/09/05/gitajoghov/

[accessed 19 January 2011]

According to data released by prosecutor’s office, the cases of trafficking are increasing in number. In 2004, 14 cases were reported, in 2006 – 32 and in the seven months of this year – 20.

Armenian women are mainly transported for sexual abuse to Dubai, Turkey, Georgia and other countries. The prosecutor’s office has developed 2007-2008 national program including comprehensive efforts against trafficking.

Gyumri’s Human Trafficking Victims

Varduhi Zakaryan, Hetq Online, January 15, 2007

archive.hetq.am/eng/society/0701-worker.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

“Seven of us lived in one room, where we didn't even have the most basic facilities. We would be kept partly hungry almost all the time – there would be days when we would eat dry bread, cabbage stems and even days when we would go hungry. We had already been working in those conditions for eight months when we learned that Ararat had not sent any money back to our families, even though he would swear on his brother's grave that our families were receiving payments regularly each month,” narrated 42-year old Robert Karapetyan, a resident of Gyumri.

Armenian Prosecutor ‘Alarmed’ By Human Trafficking

Karine Kalantarian and Anna Saghabalian, Radio Free Europe /Radio Liberty, June 7, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 3 September 2011]

A senior prosecutor dealing with human trafficking admitted on Wednesday that transport of Armenian women for sexual exploitation abroad has reached “alarming” proportions but denied that Armenian law-enforcement authorities are too lenient towards traffickers.

Armenia ratifies Optional Protocol on Sale of Children

UNICEF Media Centre, Yerevan, March 19, 2005

www.unicef.org/ceecis/media_1512.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

President of Armenia Robert Kocharyan today signed the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, ratified by the National Assembly of Armenia on 28 February2005

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 6   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/armenia

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview by Human Rights Watch – Defending Human Rights Worldwide

www.hrw.org/europecentral-asia/armenia

[accessed 19 January 2011]

Stop Violence Against Women – Country Page

The Advocates for Human Rights, September 24, 2008

stopvaw.org/armenia.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DK509 .A727 1995

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/amtoc.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

The UMCOR Hotline

United Methodist Committee on Relief UMCOR, April 13, 2004

gbgm-umc.org/umcor-hotline/20040413.cfm

[accessed 19 January 2011]

ARMENIA: "HUMAN TRAFFICKING IS RUINOUS" - UMCOR will cooperate with the United Nations and the government of Armenia in a counter-trafficking program similar to its current activity in Kosovo. Characterizing human trafficking-- the coercion of people, usually women and children, into prostitution-- as "ruinous," a UN official announced the launch of the two-year project. UMCOR's part will be operation of a safe house for trafficking survivors. Other program components include raising public awareness and strengthening the capacity of government agencies to combat trafficking criminals.

Russian Police ‘Helping Stop Human Trafficking From Armenia

Karine Kalantarian, Radio Free Europe /Radio Liberty, July 2, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 3 September 2011]

Growing cooperation between Russian and Armenian law-enforcement bodies has prevented more than one hundred Armenian women from being trafficked abroad for sexual exploitation, Russia’s Interior Minister Rashid Nurgaliev said on Friday.  Nurgaliev said “criminal groups” neutralized in joint Russian-Armenian police operations planned to transport the mostly young women to third countries, mainly the United Arab Emirates, via Russia. He revealed that members of one such group, allegedly intent on forcing six Armenians into prostitution in the Gulf state, were arrested as recently as on June 24. He did not give details.

U.S. Supports Projects to Stop Human Trafficking in Armenia

Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State, 10/09/2003

www.america.gov/st/washfile-english/2003/October/20031009160812ruevecert0.4783441.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION RECEIVES $170,000 GRANT - The United States has provided a $170,000 grant to the International Organization for Migration's (IOM) Yerevan office to fund two projects to stop human trafficking in Armenia, according to an October 7 IOM press release.

The two projects will be aimed at raising awareness among potential victims of human trafficking, strengthening the capacity of personnel at Armenian diplomatic missions to assist victims of human trafficking, and increasing the capacity of a national non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that provides shelter, support and counseling to victims.

Trapping women and children in world of prostitution

Ann Cahill, Irish Examiner, September 29, 2001

archives.tcm.ie/irishexaminer/2001/09/29/story13721.asp

[accessed 19 January 2011]

The story in Georgia is similar but while most of the Armenian victims end up in Turkey and the United Arab Emirates working as prostitutes, the Georgians end up in EU countries including Greece, Spain, France, Holland, Germany, Britain, Ireland and Belgium.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Armenia", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Armenia.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 
Torture in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Armenia]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Armenia]  [other countries]