Tier Placements1

Adapted from U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, 25 June 2020

Tier 1 - Countries whose governments fully meet the [Trafficking Victims Protection Act] TVPA’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.

 

Argentina

Cyprus

Lithuania

Slovenia

Australia

Czech Republic

Luxembourg

Spain

Austria

Estonia

Namibia

Sweden

The Bahamas

Finland

Netherlands

Switzerland

Bahrain

France

New Zealand

Taiwan

Belgium

Georgia

Norway

United Kingdom - UK

Canada

Guyana

Philippines

USA

Chile

Israel

Portugal

 

Colombia

Korea, South

Singapore

 

 

Tier 2 - Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

 

Albania

Ethiopia

Liberia

Rwanda

Angola

Gabon

Madagascar

Saint Lucia

Antigua & Barbuda

Germany

Malawi

St. Maarten

Bangladesh

Ghana

Malta

St Vincent & Gren

Benin

Greece

Mauritius

Serbia

Bolivia

Guatemala

Mexico

Sierra Leone

Botswana

Haiti

Micronesia

Slovak Republic

Brazil

Honduras

Moldova

Solomon Islands

Bulgaria

Hungary

Mongolia

South Africa

Burkina Faso

Iceland

Montenegro

Suriname

Cabo Verde

India

Morocco

Tajikistan

Central African Rep

Indonesia

Mozambique

Thailand

Congo (ROC)

Iraq

Nepal

Togo

Costa Rica

Italy

Niger

Tonga

Cote d'Ivoire

Jamaica

North Macedonia

Trinidad & Tobago

Croatia

Japan

Oman

Tunisia

Denmark

Kenya

Palau

Turkey

Djibouti

Kosovo

Panama

Ukraine

Ecuador

Kuwait

Paraguay

United Arab Emirates

Egypt

Laos

Peru

Uruguay

El Salvador

Latvia

Poland

Vanuatu

Eswatini

Lebanon

Qatar

Zimbabwe

 

Tier 2 Watch List - Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards, and for which:

a) the estimated number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing and the country is not taking proportional concrete actions;

b) there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecution, and convictions of trafficking crimes, increased assistance to victims, and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials.

 

Armenia

Congo (DRC)

Kazakhstan

Saudi Arabia

Aruba

Curacao

Kyrgyz Republic

Senegal

Azerbaijan

Dominican Republic

Macau

Seychelles

Barbados

Equatorial Guinea

Malaysia

Sri Lanka

Belize

Fiji

Maldives

Sudan

Bhutan

The Gambia

Mali

Tanzania

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Guinea

Marshall Islands

Timor Leste

Brunei

Guinea-Bissau

Mauritania

Uganda

Cambodia

Hong Kong

Nigeria

Uzbekistan

Cameroon

Ireland

Pakistan

Vietnam

Chad

Jordan

Romania

Zambia

 

Tier 3 - Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.

 

Afghanistan

China

Korea, North

South Sudan

Algeria

Comoros

Lesotho

Syria

Belarus

Cuba

Nicaragua

Turkmenistan

Burma

Eritrea

Papua New Guinea

Venezuela

Burundi

Iran

Russia

 

Special Cases  -  No Tier Rating

 

Libya

Somalia

Yemen

 

 

 

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1.  Determination of Tier Placements

The Department places each country included on the TIP Report into one of the three lists, described here as tiers, mandated by the TVPA [Trafficking Victims Protection Act]. This placement is based more on the extent of government action to combat trafficking, rather than the size of the problem, important though that is. The Department first evaluates whether the government fully complies with the TVPA's minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Governments that do fully comply are placed in Tier 1. For other governments, the Department considers whether they are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance. Governments that are making significant efforts to meet the minimum standards are placed in Tier 2. Governments that do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so are placed in Tier 3. Finally, the Special Watch List criteria are considered and, when applicable, Tier 2 countries are placed on the Tier 2 Watch List.

2  Minimum Standards

1.      The government should prohibit trafficking and punish acts of trafficking.

2.      The government should prescribe punishment commensurate with that for grave crimes, such as forcible sexual assault, for the knowing commission of trafficking in some of its most reprehensible forms (trafficking for sexual purposes, trafficking involving rape or kidnapping, or trafficking that causes a death).

3.      For knowing commission of any act of trafficking, the government should prescribe punishment that is sufficiently stringent to deter, and that adequately reflects the offense’s heinous nature.

4.      The government should make serious and sustained efforts to eliminate trafficking.

a)      Whether the government vigorously investigates and prosecutes acts of trafficking within its territory.

b)      Whether the government protects victims of trafficking, encourages victims’ assistance in investigation and prosecution, provides victims with legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they would face retribution or hardship, and ensures that victims are not inappropriately penalized solely for unlawful acts as a direct result of being trafficked.

c)      Whether the government has adopted measures, such as public education, to prevent trafficking.

d)     Whether the government cooperates with other governments in investigating and prosecuting trafficking.

e)      Whether the government extradites persons charged with trafficking as it does with other serious crimes.

f)       Whether the government monitors immigration and emigration patterns for evidence of trafficking, and whether law enforcement agencies respond appropriately to such evidence.

g)      Whether the government vigorously investigates and prosecutes public officials who participate in or facilitate trafficking, and takes all appropriate measures against officials who condone trafficking.

3  Significant Efforts

Three factors were considered in determining whether a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with these minimum standards.  (1) the extent of trafficking in the country;  (2) the extent of governmental noncompliance with the minimum standards, particularly the extent to which government officials have participated in, facilitated, condoned, or are otherwise complicit in trafficking; and (3) what measures are reasonable to bring the government into compliance with the minimum standards in light of the government’s resources and capabilities.