Torture in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
 

Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                    gvnet.com/childprostitution/Venezuela.htm

Bolivarian Republic of

Venezuela

Venezuela remains highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for roughly 90% of export earnings, about 50% of the federal budget revenues, and around 30% of GDP.

Fueled by high oil prices, record government spending helped to boost GDP by about 9% in 2006, 8% in 2007, and nearly 6% in 2008. This spending, combined with recent minimum wage hikes and improved access to domestic credit, has created a consumption boom but has come at the cost of higher inflation - roughly 20% in 2007 and more than 30% in 2008. Imports also have jumped significantly.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Venezuela

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Venezuela.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation Between Venezuela and Ecuador

Survivors' Rights International SRI, July 17, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

BACKGROUND - Children from Ecuador are trafficked into Venezuela to serve as prostitutes and to work as street vendors and housemaids.  They usually have been kidnapped, sold by their parents, or deceived by false employment opportunities.  Although first time exploitation through prostitution occurs on average at age 12, children as young as 7 are sexually exploited as well.  Of the 40,000 sexually exploited children in Venezuela, 78% are girls between 8 and 17.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/venezuela.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Children are also involved in begging, petty theft on the streets, prostitution, and drug trafficking. Venezuela is a destination, transit, and source country for children trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Children are trafficked internally for labor and sexual exploitation.

CURRENT GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS TO ELIMINATE THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR - The National Institute for Minors has made efforts to address the commercial sexual exploitation of children by establishing Local Social Protection networks for children and adolescents who are at high risk. These networks are comprised of public and private institutions and organizations that contribute toward the development of a coordinated local plan in regions of the country where children are most vulnerable.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61745.htm

[accessed 16 January 2011]

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] The law protects children from exploitation in the workplace. The Ministry of Labor and the National Institute for Minors enforced child labor policies effectively in the formal sector of the economy but less so in the informal sector. The Foundation for Training in the Investigation of Human Resources estimated in 2004 that there were 1.6 million children working in various sectors of the labor market, including 206 thousand involved in prostitution, panhandling, or drug trafficking.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 8 October 1999

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/venezuela1999.html

[accessed 16 January 2011]

[32] The Committee expresses its concern at the absence of data and of a comprehensive study on the issue of sexual commercial exploitation and sexual abuse of children, at the lack of a national plan of action to address this issue and at the inadequacy of the State party's legislation to deal with it.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

21 May 2001

www.unhcr.org/refworld/publisher,CESCR,CONCOBSERVATIONS,VEN,3cc7f9e86,0.html

[accessed 26 August 2011]

[16] The Committee is alarmed about the high rate of domestic violence and the extent of child prostitution and trafficking in children, and regrets the lack of available statistics on the number of street children. The Committee is deeply concerned about the extent of the sex trade involving children and the inability of the State party to address these issues.

[27] The Committee urges the State party to indicate, in its next periodic report, the problem of the measures it has undertaken to address the problem of street children and, in particular, the problem of their sexual exploitation.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003

www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/217511d4440fc9d6c1256cda003c3a00/$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[78] The sale, trafficking and use of children in prostitution and pornography are punishable under the Statutory Law for the Protection of Children and Adolescents.  Those who promote, benefit from, or assist in the exploitation of children are criminally liable and may receive prison sentences of 2 to 8 years. Child victims do not incur criminal liability.

Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation Between Venezuela and Ecuador

Survivors' Rights International SRI, July 17, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 August 2011]

BACKGROUND - Children from Ecuador are trafficked into Venezuela to serve as prostitutes and to work as street vendors and housemaids.  They usually have been kidnapped, sold by their parents, or deceived by false employment opportunities.  Although first time exploitation through prostitution occurs on average at age 12, children as young as 7 are sexually exploited as well.  Of the 40,000 sexually exploited children in Venezuela, 78% are girls between 8 and 17.

Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Sixty-seventh session, 2-19 August 2005

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/country/venezuela2005.html

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[19] The Committee notes with concern ……. More particularly, in the centers of illegal gold prospecting, there is evidence that indigenous children and adolescents are subjected to labor exploitation and the worst forms of child labor, including servitude and slavery, child prostitution, trafficking and sale.

Worst Forms of Child Labour Report 2005 - Venezuela

Global March Against Child Labour, 2005

beta.globalmarch.org/worstformsreport/world/venezuela.html

[accessed 13 September 2012]

CHILD PROSTITUTION AND PORNOGRAPHY - NATIONAL STATISTICS - 40,000 Venezuelan children aged between 8 and 17 years are affected by prostitution, 22% of these are male. ("Venezuela losing war against sexual exploitation of children", ECPAT Bulletin, October 1996).

Written statement submitted by Human Rights Advocates - a non-governmental organization in special consultative status

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-fourth session, 5 March 1998

www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/fd0ee19efe8acf7080256683004f60ee?Opendocument

[accessed 15 August 2011]

[3] Thousands of Ecuadorian children are smuggled through Colombia and brought into Venezuela to work in virtual slavery conditions as prostitutes. The problem is attributed to corruption among Ecuadorian and Venezuelan officials, who are accused by many as covering-up. - Estrella Gutierrez, Rights: child traffic in Venezuela. Tip of the iceberg, International Press Service IPS, 11 Jan 1998

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Venezuela", http://gvnet.com/childprostitution/Venezuela.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Venezuela]  [other countries]