Torture in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
 

Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                    gvnet.com/childprostitution/Swaziland.htm

Kingdom of Swaziland

In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies approximately 70% of the population. The manufacturing sector has diversified since the mid-1980s. Sugar and wood pulp remain important foreign exchange earners.

With an estimated 40% unemployment rate, Swaziland's need to increase the number and size of small and medium enterprises and attract foreign direct investment is acute. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems for the future. More than one-fourth of the population needed emergency food aid in 2006-07 because of drought, and nearly two-fifths of the adult population has been infected by HIV/AIDS.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Swaziland

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Swaziland.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Swaziland's Street Urchins

Vuyisile Hlatshwayo, Africa Information Afrique, in Mbabane, Mail & Globe, 21August 1997

pangaea.org/street_children/africa/swazi.htm

[accessed 26 July 2011]

Nonhlanhla Hadzebe, a timid seven-year-old says: "The last time I saw my mother and father was when I was very little. I do not know where they are, but I know that they are still alive. At times I sleep without having eaten anything but I cannot complain -- to whom, anyway? I only pray to God that one day my parents will come back so that we can all be a family again."

The study finds that street children are often abused. Police spokesman, Sabelo Dlamini, said that old men sodomize boys often as young as aged nine to thirteen. Many are infected with sexually transmitted diseases. He says the street children are enticed with E10.00 for a sex session. Before the molestation, they are offered glue in order to keep them in "high" spirits during the act.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/swaziland.htm

[accessed 27 December 2010]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - There are reports that girls from Swaziland and Mozambique are increasingly found working in child prostitution in Swaziland.

CHILD LABOR LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT - The Penal Code prohibits the procurement of a girl unless she is a “common prostitute” or “of known immoral character” for purposes of prostitution.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/swaziland.htm

[accessed 27 December 2010]

CHILDREN - The law prohibits prostitution and child pornography, provides protection to children under 16 years of age from sexual exploitation, and sets the age of sexual consent at 16 years. There were reports that Mozambican and Swazi girls worked as prostitutes in the country. Children, including street children, were increasingly vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) [DOC]

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 29 September 2006

www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/10b2212322c3cf42c12572430050af96/$FILE/G0644621.doc

[accessed 27 December 2010]

[63] The Committee is alarmed at the increasing rate of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse in Swaziland, as noted in the State party report.

The Protection Project - Swaziland [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/swaziland.doc

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING – Young girls have been lured to South Africa from Swaziland for forced prostitution. Trading of emergency food aid for sexual favors has been a problem in Swaziland. Women and children have been told that they must have sex with warehouse managers or truck drivers so they can receive the food aid.

Swaziland's Street Urchins

Vuyisile Hlatshwayo, Africa Information Afrique, in Mbabane, Mail & Globe, 21August 1997

pangaea.org/street_children/africa/swazi.htm

[accessed 26 July 2011]

Nonhlanhla Hadzebe, a timid seven-year-old says: "The last time I saw my mother and father was when I was very little. I do not know where they are, but I know that they are still alive. At times I sleep without having eaten anything but I cannot complain -- to whom, anyway? I only pray to God that one day my parents will come back so that we can all be a family again."

The study finds that street children are often abused. Police spokesman, Sabelo Dlamini, said that old men sodomize boys often as young as aged nine to thirteen. Many are infected with sexually transmitted diseases. He says the street children are enticed with E10.00 for a sex session. Before the molestation, they are offered glue in order to keep them in "high" spirits during the act.

Human trafficking rife in SA

Lebogang Seale, Independent Online (IOL) News, 7 December 2006

www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/human-trafficking-rife-in-sa-1.306483

[accessed 27 December 2010]

They are promised a better life in South Africa, but instead they are kidnapped, branded and sold into sexual slavery for as little as R380.  Women and children, some as young as 13, are falling prey to syndicates operating in Mozambique and Swaziland, trafficking and smuggling them to South Africa on an unprecedented scale.

Harmonisation of laws relating to children - Swaziland [DOC]

Prepared by Jacqui Gallinetti, The African Child Policy Forum, November 05, 2007

www.africanchildinfo.net/index.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=5&sobi2Id=387&Itemid=74&lang=en#.UgvTqKyOAmg

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

CHILD AND SEXUAL ABUSE - Swazi law does provide some guidance on child prostitution. This is contained in Part V of the Crimes Act which criminalizes a parent or guardian for receiving compensation in relation to the prostitution of his or her child;  creates an offence for inveigling or enticing a girl who is not a common prostitute for the purposes of prostitution  and criminalizes a person for procuring any girl to become a prostitute.

Sadly, these provisions provide no protections for girls who are already prostitutes and section 3 of the Girl’s and Women’s Protection Act states that a girl being a common prostitute is a defence for a perpetrator who has unlawful carnal connection with her.  These provisions show a definite lack of understanding of the issues relating to children undertaking sex work and the dangers that they are exposed to.  In addition it appears that sex workers are prosecuted in Swaziland whilst the clients are not.

Traditional leaders rescue Swaziland's Aids orphans: A new programme uses Swaziland's traditional community structure to rescue Aids orphans from life on the street

James Hall, Daily Mail & Guardian, Johannesburg South Africa, April 5 2000

www.aegis.com/news/DMG/2000/MG000406.html

[accessed 26 July 2011]

The Manzini-based Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse reports that some of the city's new population of homeless street children have become victims of sexual abuse.   Street children were unknown in Manzini and the capital Mbabane ten years ago, before Aids struck Swaziland to infect at least a fifth of the population.   "The tragedy of Aids orphans is that it is a social as well as medical problem," says social worker Gugu Made. "It is a cultural problem as well.   The traditional Swazi family structure, where many generations lived together on a homestead, has fragmented.   When parents in the prime of life die, other relatives may be overburdened, and grandparents physically unable, to look after children. Chiefs seem to know where alternative caregivers can be found.

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Torture in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Swaziland]  [other countries]