Torture in  [Canada]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Canada]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Canada]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Canada]  [other countries]
 

Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                          gvnet.com/childprostitution/Canada.htm

Canada

Canada has enjoyed solid economic growth, and prudent fiscal management has produced consecutive balanced budgets from 1997 to 2007. In 2008, growth slowed sharply as a result of the global economic downturn, US housing slump, plunging auto sector demand, and a drop in world commodity prices.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Canada

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Canada.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Hundreds of kids in sex trade - Testimony jolts inquest; police say hands tied

Mike McIntyre, Winnipeg Free Press › 20 February 2007

-- Source: www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/story/3886439p-4494942c.html

www.cyc-net.org/features/viewpoints/c-sextrade.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Hundreds of vulnerable Winnipeg children, some as young as eight years old, are selling their bodies to adult men for money, drugs and even food and shelter, a provincial inquest was told Monday.

She told court that 80 per cent of child prostitution occurs in gang houses and "trick pads." Runner estimated that 70 per cent of the girls are aboriginal, more than 70 per cent are wards of Child and Family Services, and more than 80 per cent get involved after running away from their placements.

HAVE THERE BEEN ANY MAJOR CASES IN WINNIPEG? - In 2005, more than 30 children were involved in an alleged West End child prostitution ring in a Victor Street home.  Police said about 20 youngsters between the ages of 12 and 16 were used in the sex operation, and 11 others from 18 months to 11 years old were sometimes in the vicinity of the sex crimes.

Drugs blamed for child prostitution

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation CBC News, January 17, 2008

www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2008/01/17/child-exploitation.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

"It started with drugs for me," said Anna Moore, standing on a street corner in Winnipeg's North End.  Although she looked more like she should be in school than working the streets, Moore claimed she was 18 and said she has been selling sex for years.  "A lady pimped me on the streets and told me I could get money for drugs, and I did it. But then I couldn't stop," she said.  Moore said she doesn't want her family to think badly of her, but said she can't stop.

"This fellow, who calls himself the sugar daddy, invited her to a party with other kids and gave her something that she didn't even know what it was — it must have been crack cocaine mixed with something else — and within no time she was on the street and hooking," she said.  "This young girl was given it for free, and then they get hooked."

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Runaways - Where To Turn For Help Before You Are Homeless

Rebeccas Community

www.homeless.org.au/runaways.htm

[accessed 22 April 2011]

Here are the best phone numbers to call …They are Confidential - which means they won't tell anyone about your call unless you want them to talk to somebody for you, or you are in danger.  They are open 24 Hours - it doesn't matter what time you call  In Canada, call 1-800-668-6868

How To Get Help - Street Helpline: (416) 392-3777

Horizons for Youth

www.horizonsforyouth.org/howToGetHelp.php

[accessed 22 April 2011]

If you are in trouble, need a safe place to stay or just want help looking at your options Horizons for Youth is committed to helping out in anyway we can.  Horizons for Youth: (416) 781-9898

Kids Help Phone: 1 800 668-6868

Kids Help Phone

www.kidshelpphone.ca/teens/home/splash.aspx

[accessed 22 April 2011]

Providing immediate help and hope that young people need and deserve - 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.  Every day, Kids Help Phone counsellors answer calls and online questions from across Canada. No matter what the problem or concern, our counsellors are there to provide immediate and caring support, information and, if necessary, referral to a local community or social service agency.

CYBERTIP.CA

www.cybertip.ca/app/en/about

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Cybertip.ca is Canada's National Tipline for reporting the online sexual exploitation of children. It is a centralized web portal for receiving and addressing reports from the public regarding child pornography, luring, child sex tourism, and children who are exploited through prostitution.

If you know about a child who is in immediate danger or risk, call 911 or your local police. If you have any information on a missing child, call Child Find's toll free line at 1-800-387-7962

ECPAT Global Monitoring Report on the status of action against commercial exploitation of children - CANADA [PDF]

ECPAT 2006

www.ecpat.net/A4A_2005/PDF/Americas/Global_Monitoring_Report-CANADA.pdf

[accessed 23 April 2011]

In Canada, between 10 and 15 per cent of people involved in street prostitution are under 18, according to Statistics Canada, but this figure is viewed by most child advocates as a gross underestimate. The average age recorded for entry into commercial sex differs across studies, but there is an agreement that children are recruited by others or feel compelled to enter the sex trade to survive on the street at an average age of 14-15 years. However, there is some indication that the age of children entering prostitution is falling, especially for aboriginal children. Aboriginal youth are disproportionably victimised through commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) and many have been murdered.

The increase in prostitution of children is causing growing concern. Young girls are seduced by pimps and subsequently conned into prostitution or forced to work in strip clubs. They are recruited in public places, such as shopping malls, metro stations and bus stops, and even on the street. Children running away from physical and/or sexual abuse at home or in foster care, in particular, are easily spotted by pimps at the bus and train stations of major Canadian cities. The pimps befriend them and provide them with food, accommodation and clothes before hooking them on drugs and alcohol and forcing them into sexual service.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61719.htm

[accessed 27 January 2011]

CHILDREN - Children were trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation.

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The country was a destination and a transit point to the United States for women, children, and men trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation, labor, and the drug trade.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 October 2003

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/canada2003.html

[accessed 27 January 2011]

[52] The Committee is encouraged by the role Canada has played nationally and internationally in promoting awareness of sexual exploitation and working towards its reduction, including by adopting amendments to the Criminal Code in 1997 (Bill C-27) and the introduction in 2002 of Bill C-15A, facilitating the apprehension and prosecution of persons seeking the services of child victims of sexual exploitation and allowing for the prosecution in Canada of all acts of child sexual exploitation committed by Canadians abroad.  The Committee notes, however, concerns relating to the vulnerability of street children and, in particular, Aboriginal children who, in disproportionate numbers, end up in the sex trade as a means of survival.  The Committee is also concerned about the increase of foreign children and women trafficked into Canada.

Testimony of Cherry Kingsley

Cherry Kingsley, trafficked in Canada, originally from Canada; Keynote Address on behalf of the NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child before the Second World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Yokohama (December 2001)

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Firstly, I would like to tell you about myself for just a moment. I am a survivor of Commercial Sexual Exploitation. I grew up in the sex trade in Canada from the age of 14- 22. During those eight years in the sex trade most of my friends died; they died from drugs, AIDS, violence, murder and some from suicide.

Testimony of Dawn

Polaris Project

actioncenter.polarisproject.org/the-frontlines/survivor-testimonies/38-testimonies/59-testimony-of-dawn

[Last access date unavailable]

My mother kicked me out of my home at the age of 12. I spent the first few weeks couch surfing and trying to go back home. Often it would last just a few days and then soon I would be back out. I had to quit school and try to make my way in the world with no support. I had no place to go and as far as choices I had 2…live on the streets or die. When I left I went straight to the only place I knew to go, a local hangout for all various types of problem kids....Beaver Hill Park.

I have often heard men say that I had a choice, and I did, it was either work as a prostitute or starve to death because it is illegal in Canada to work at 12, not to mention that no one will hire you if you have no address and are only 13 or 14.

Child prostitute alleges she was lured to Victoria streets

Times Colonist, November 17, 2008

www2.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist/news/story.html?id=%202f361123-b251-4fc1-97d0-2c578968d52f

[accessed 27 January 2011]

A man released on bail in October is back in custody after police discovered he allegedly lured a 14-year-old female to work as a prostitute.

She alleges that she met the Victoria man over the internet. He lured her to Victoria from her family home in the B.C. Interior from where she has been missing for three weeks. Once here, he took control of her possessions, including identification and wallet. She says that when she tried to leave, he beat her and threatened her.

Prostitution - Another escort death has sex trade workers debating how to stay safe

Bryan Saunders, VUE WEEKLY, Jul. 09, 2008 - Issue #664: Rocky 12

www.vueweekly.com/front/story/prostitution_another_escort_death_has_sex_trade_workers_debating_how_to_sta/

[accessed 23 April 2011]

The perception that most prostitutes are mentally ill, or abused, or drug or alcohol addicts or were all forced into the business, is also false, Strachan argues. She points to herself as an example of someone who consciously chose to be a prostitute, until, she says, she “just got bored of it.” There are some drug-addicts, mentally ill and victims of human trafficking in the sex trade, Strachan admits, but she says they are the exception and not the rule.

White disagrees, however, with the idea that the majority of women working in the sex trade made an educated decision to do so. As an Aboriginal woman who looks Caucasian, White explains that during her childhood she was accepted by neither her Aboriginal nor her white peers. As a result, White got involved in drugs and alcohol with some fellow misfits and eventually started to have underage sex. As she puts it, she was presented with a way to finally fit in, and what she thought was a great way to make money.  “After a while, you lose your self respect and think, ‘Well, I might as well charge. I mean, I’m giving it away for free,’” White says.

Five girls in care have been selling sex on Craigslist, police say

E. Baron, canada.com, May 9, 2008

www.canada.com/theprovince/news/story.html?id=c1e6d15c-21d9-4619-ada5-f954a0367129

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Vancouver police have identified girls as young as 15 advertising sex on Craigslist.  Child prostitution in Vancouver has largely shifted from the streets to the Internet, Houghton said.  "It's moved successfully inside for these kids, because it's a lot harder to police. They seem to be befriended and groomed by . . . the classic pimp . . . or older kids who seem to be able to convince them and manipulate them."

Child Trafficking Under Our Radar: MP [PDF]

Katie Rook, National Post, April 11, 2008

www.oacas.org/news/08/april/11trafficking.pdf

[accessed 23 April 2011]

"You think it doesn't happen and our Canadian public thinks it doesn't happen with ordinary Canadian girls, but it does. It's actually gone under the public radar screen."  Young women and children are bought and sold and forced to work in brothels throughout Canada. While some victims are lured from other countries with modelling contracts or the promise of citizenship, others are recruited within Canada. Human trafficking and child exploitation are not solely the problems of other countries known for their thriving sex trade industries, she said.  The RCMP estimates that in Canada about 800 women and children are being trafficked for prostitution each year. Advocacy groups suggest there could be as many as 15,000 victims each year.

Drugs blamed for child prostitution

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation CBC News, January 17, 2008

www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2008/01/17/child-exploitation.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

"It started with drugs for me," said Anna Moore, standing on a street corner in Winnipeg's North End.  Although she looked more like she should be in school than working the streets, Moore claimed she was 18 and said she has been selling sex for years.  "A lady pimped me on the streets and told me I could get money for drugs, and I did it. But then I couldn't stop," she said.  Moore said she doesn't want her family to think badly of her, but said she can't stop.

"This fellow, who calls himself the sugar daddy, invited her to a party with other kids and gave her something that she didn't even know what it was — it must have been crack cocaine mixed with something else — and within no time she was on the street and hooking," she said.  "This young girl was given it for free, and then they get hooked."

Canada "international pariah" for failing to prosecute child-sex offenders

Terri Theodore, Canadian Press, Vancouver, Dec. 18, 2007

freedominion.com.pa/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=1113277&sid=2ee9af469587395df5441db92e714e49

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Canada's failure to prosecute child-sex tourists makes the country look like an "international pariah," according to one legal expert who helped found The Future Group, a Canadian non-government organization formed to fight human trafficking and the child-sex trade.  "Canada does have the poorest record in the world on prosecuting its citizens for engaging in child-sex tourism," said Benjamin Perrin, an assistant professor with the University of B.C. School of Law.  There has only been one conviction under the decade-old Canadian law and a second B.C man is before the courts on the same charges.

Hundreds of kids in sex trade - Testimony jolts inquest; police say hands tied

Mike McIntyre, Winnipeg Free Press › 20 February 2007

-- Source: www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/story/3886439p-4494942c.html

www.cyc-net.org/features/viewpoints/c-sextrade.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Hundreds of vulnerable Winnipeg children, some as young as eight years old, are selling their bodies to adult men for money, drugs and even food and shelter, a provincial inquest was told Monday.

She told court that 80 per cent of child prostitution occurs in gang houses and "trick pads." Runner estimated that 70 per cent of the girls are aboriginal, more than 70 per cent are wards of Child and Family Services, and more than 80 per cent get involved after running away from their placements.

HAVE THERE BEEN ANY MAJOR CASES IN WINNIPEG? - In 2005, more than 30 children were involved in an alleged West End child prostitution ring in a Victor Street home.  Police said about 20 youngsters between the ages of 12 and 16 were used in the sex operation, and 11 others from 18 months to 11 years old were sometimes in the vicinity of the sex crimes.

More Blue Uniforms To Fight Child Prostitution In Saskatoon

[access information unavailable]

Talks are still in their infancy, but Saskatoon is in good shape as it looks to get two brand new police officers from the province to fight child prostitution.  Chief Clive Weighill isn't too sure what the details surrounding the deal with the provincial government will be.  But what he can say, is that the cops will move right into Vice Squad to get down to work on the child sex trade in the city...and that he expects the deal to be in place with the province by April.

Out of the shadows: child prostitutes speak out

Leanne Yohemas-Hayes and John Chilibeck, Capital News Online, Ottawa

www.carleton.ca/JMC/cnews/16031998/story2.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

Megan Lewis turned her first trick when she was 13 and worked in a brothel with other girls as young as 11. They sold their bodies in the back of a knick-knack shop in Vancouver's Gastown tourist district. Lewis felt she was making big bucks when she finished a night's work with $30 in her pocket. For 11 years she was physically and sexually abused. But she couldn't turn her back on the life she had grown used to.

When is a law not a law?  When do-gooder politicians fail to proclaim it

Linda Williamson, Toronto Sun, October 1, 2006

www.canadiancrc.com/Newspaper_Articles/Toronto_Sun_When_is_a_law_not_a_law_01OCT06.aspx

[accessed 23 April 2011]

YEARS OF LOBBYING - Other provinces, notably Alberta, have had such a law for years, and it has proven effective. In Ontario, where we have an estimated 1,200 child prostitutes, it took years of work and lobbying, but in 2002, the then-Conservative government endorsed and passed the private member's bill originated by MPP Rick Bartolucci, a Liberal.

Trouble is, it was never proclaimed -- not by the Tories and not by the Liberals since they came to power, even though it was the brainchild of one of their own. Amazingly, some youth outreach groups oppose the law as too "draconian" -- because, hey, why shouldn't a 14-year-old have the right to sell her body for cash?

Manitoba launches 'StopSexWithKids' campaign

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation CBC News, September 25, 2006

www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2006/09/25/child-sex.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

According to StopSexWithKids.ca, about 400 children and youth, aged eight to 16 years, are sexually exploited on Winnipeg streets each year. The average age of a child's first sex trade experience is 13. Eighty per cent of the exploitation takes place in gang houses or "trick pads.

Brampton man charged with forcing 14-year-old girl into prostitution

National Post, July 12, 2006

www.canada.com/nationalpost/news/toronto/story.html?id=d8868283-21cf-4db8-9086-b29e5754f5d6

[accessed 23 April 2011]

A 28-year-old Brampton man is facing 11 child-prostitution charges involving a 14-year-old girl. Police allege Kevin Rico Roach recruited the girl to work as a prostitute for him and maintained a violent relationship with her.

Sexual Exploitation Education and Awareness Coalition of Toronto Launches Poster Campaign to Help End Child Prostitution

www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/September2006/27/c2414.html

[Last access date unavailable]

Today, the Sexual Exploitation Education and Awareness Coalition of Toronto (SEEACT) launched its information and outreach poster campaign at Toronto Police Service Headquarters.  The poster is one of the coalition's projects aimed at spreading awareness and providing outreach to victims of child prostitution. The slogan, "No 13-Year-Old Dreams of Getting into Prostitution, Many Dream of Getting Out", is intended to help children and youth involved in, or affected by, commercial sexual exploitation reach out for assistance. It is also intended to educate the public that child prostitution is a form of child abuse. The phone number will give victims a point of contact for two community support agencies - Street Outreach Services, LOFT Community Services and Kids Help Phone.

N.L. police investigate alleged child porn and prostitution operation

Canadian Press, ST. JOHN'S, N.L., February 08, 2006

fleshploitation.blogspot.com/2006/02/newfoundland-child-porn-prostitution.html

[accessed 23 April 2011]

An investigation into a porn and prostitution ring that allegedly involved 40 young girls in Newfoundland has prompted the police chief in St. John's to suggest that the province has lost its innocence.  "It involves allegations that young people in our community were being put in a situation that involved sexual exploitation or other crimes of a sexual nature," Deering said in an interview.

Child-sex ring uncovered in Winnipeg, police allege

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation CBC News, November 2, 2005

www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2005/11/02/child-sex-051102.html

[accessed 27 January 2011]

Sgt. Kelly Dennison said about 20 girls – aged 12 to 17 – were sold into prostitution.  Dennison said the other children younger than age 12, including a baby of only 18 months, weren't necessarily forced to perform sexual acts but may have been exposed to them because they lived in the houses where they were taking place.

The Protection Project - Canada [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/canada.doc

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Several Canadian cities have been cited as popular sex tourist destinations. Montreal has frequently been referred to as the Bangkok of the West by American and Canadian tourists, and American tourists have been known to travel to Montreal for prostituted women and escort agencies.  The Internet has also helped make Vancouver a sex tourist destination. Along the so-called kiddie stroll, girls as young as 11 work the streets, and young men are sold for sex in “boys’ town.”  According to Vancouver health authorities, Victoria is a child sex tourism destination, and Internet sites detail how to buy underage sex there. Some people visit Victoria for the sole purpose of buying sex.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

www.no-trafficking.org/content/web/05reading_rooms/five_years_after_stockholm.pdf

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – CANADA – The area where the most progress has been made in Canada is child/youth participation. The Canadian government continues to support “Out from the Shadows and Into the Light, ” a project of Save the Children Canada. The activities carried out under this project include a national consultation of aboriginal youth who are at risk of CSE. Efforts are now underway to create a national network of youth who are, or were, commercially sexually exploited. Apart from developing a network, SEYSO (Sexually Exploited Children Speak Out) will provide skills development and mentoring programs, and develop community capacity building.

Out Of The Shadows: Child Prostitutes Speak Out

Leanne Yohemas-Hayes and John Chilibeck, Capital News Online, Ottawa

www.carleton.ca/JMC/cnews/16031998/story2.html

[accessed 24 April 2011]

She turned her first trick when she was 13 and worked in a brothel with other girls as young as 11. They sold their bodies in the back of a knick-knack shop in Vancouver's Gastown tourist district. Lewis felt she was making big bucks when she finished a night's work with $30 in her pocket.

The Dark Side Of The Street

fightforjustice.blogspot.com/2006/03/dark-side-of-street.html

[accessed 24 April 2011]

Prostitution is a serious issue in Calgary. It is so serious because so many people are hurt by it, not just the prostitutes themselves:

·    parents and families of prostitutes

·    spouses and families of people who use prostitutes

·    community members who must live in neighborhoods where pimps and prostitutes operate

·    youth and young adults who are at risk of being seduced into prostitution

Why Do Youths Get Into Prostitution?

www.gov.calgary.ab.ca/police/kids/why5.html

[Last access date unavailable]

While many child prostitutes are girls who come from troubled family situations, anyone can become a victim. They don't have to be poor, they can be female or male, they can be any age, and many young prostitutes still have families who care about them. Here are some common factors that can lead to young people getting involved in "the life:"

Who Becomes A Child Prostitute?

www.gov.calgary.ab.ca/police/kids/who5.html

[Last access date unavailable]

Typical profile of a female prostitute and typical profile of a male prostitute

Teenage Prostitution - The Real Story

www.gov.calgary.ab.ca/police/kids/over18.html

[Last access date unavailable]

Many young girls are lured into a horrible and tragic life of prostitution involving violence and drug addiction.  In early Calgary, 'ladies of ill repute' were often arrested and charged, while their customers were treated lightly.  Today, prostitutes are often teenagers or younger children.  Police have come to realize these kids are not criminals, but victims.  That's why police have changed their strategy to focus more on the 'pimps' who control the girls, and the 'johns' who are their customers.

Child Prostitution: Whose Child Next?

Charis Demetriou, Cyprus, TakingITGlobal, Dec 30, 2002

cyprus.tigweb.org/express/panorama/article.html?ContentID=897

[accessed 24 April 2011]

13-year-old Anna was tied to a chair by a man in his late 20’s in a dark, wet room. Her wounded legs lay motionless, while her tired black eyes stared with panic at the beaker of boiling water which the man threatened to pour down her throat if she refused to go on doing what he demanded: selling her body. Shockingly enough the above scene was not set in Thailand or the Philippines as most would expect, but in Toronto, Canada, for Anna is unfortunately only one of the 1500 child prostitutes living in this city, the 10,000 child prostitutes across Canada, and the more than 700,000 child prostitutes in the so-called developed West.

Presentation To The Parliamentary Committee On Solicitation

38th PARLIAMENT, 1st SESSION, Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws of the Standing Committee on Justice, Human Rights, Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, March 31, 2005

www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=1723237&Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=38&Ses=1

[accessed 24 April 2011]

MS. HERMINA DYKXHOOME -  Another area of great concern to the members of my organization is Canada's low age of consent: 14. This is the lowest age of consent in the western world; in Canada it is legal for a girl of 14 to have sex with an adult male so long as she gives consent. The incidence of child prostitution in the Netherlands more than tripled between 1996 and 2001. Many of those youths were being brought into the developing world, a form of trafficking. Young girls and boys of 14 or even younger are already prostituting themselves in Canada's cities. Any move towards legalization will put the government's seal of approval on an already dangerous and demeaning practice, particularly when it involves boys and girls.

Women, girls, and young boys involved in prostitution usually have a disrupted education, few skills, little experience, and diminished prospects for meaningful employment. Sheltered housing, job training, adult education opportunities, and drug and alcohol rehabilitation need the attention of both government and civil society. While not all will respond to these initiatives, they are necessary in order to help those who wish to reintegrate into mainstream society.

Police Say 30 Kids Involved In Winnipeg Sex Ring

CTV.ca News Staff, with reports from CTV's Jill Macyshon and CTV Winnipeg's Rachel Lagace, Nov. 3 2005

www.ctv.ca/CTVNews/Canada/20051102/wpg_sexring_051102/

[accessed 24 April 2011]

More than 30 children were victimized in what police are calling the largest case of child prostitution in Winnipeg's history.  Officers say 20 youths between the ages of 12 and 16 were forced to perform sex acts, while 11 others -- some as young as 18 months -- may have witnessed illegal sex acts take place in a home in the city's west end.

CISC 2005 Annual Report on Organized Crime in Canada - Report Highlights [PDF]

Criminal Intelligence Service Canada CISC/SCRC -- Research for this report concluded on 2005-07-15 and is based on information available until that date

www.cisc.gc.ca/media/media_2005/documents/highlights_e.pdf

[accessed 24 April 2011]

Child prostitution is usually a hidden section of the prostitution market, and thus frequently exists alongside adult prostitution, and is therefore, difficult for law enforcement to identify. Small groups of organized criminals and lower-level organized crime groups are involved in child prostitution in Canada. Prostitution rings involving children under the age of 18 have recently been dismantled in Ontario and Quebec, however, child prostitution is present in most larger urban centers in Canada.  Traditional places of activity center around Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Canada [PDF]

David Thompson, Third Year Student at University of Toronto, Faculty of Law, Beyond Borders Inc.

www.beyondborders.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/fact-sheet-csec-in-canada3.pdf

[accessed 24 April 2011]

[page 2]  WHAT IS THE AVERAGE AGE OF ENTRY LEVEL FOR CSEC IN CANADA?  Experts place the median age of entry into commercial sexual exploitation anywhere from 13-14 to 16-18.

HOW MANY CSEC ARE THERE IN CANADA? Experts disagree on this. For instance, one 2001 news report states that Vancouver has about 500 CSEC under the age of 17 on the street, and 10 times as many girls are forced to work behind closed doors.

Statement on Prostitution

Position Paper by Real Women Of Canada, 2007

www.realwomenca.com/page/stateprostitution.html

[accessed 24 April 2011]

Prostitutes are extremely vulnerable members of society, open to personal and sexual degradation, exploitation and violence from their customers, pimps, and businesses from whose premises they work.  They have no security or job training to sustain them in later years, and often their physical and mental health is at risk.

We are particularly concerned about the effect of prostitution on young children and teenagers, giving them the impression that sexuality is merely recreation and sport, and not a responsible, loving expression best obtained within the desirable and permanent context of a conjugal relationship.  It encourages teenagers to view prostitution as a temporary way of financial survival, rather than working to acquire marketable work skills through the more permanent route of education and employment.

These vulnerable children are often throw-away kids and we must increase the capacity of rehabilitative centres to rescue them.

Child Prostitution

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

There are an estimated 10,000 children living on the streets of Toronto, with a large percentage involved in the sex trade.  Approximately 600 children are involved in the sex trade in Montreal, and 400 in Calgary.

A City Rebuffs Child Prostitution

Mark Clayton, Christian Science Monitor, 30 Aug 1996

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

Child prostitution peaked in Calgary in about 1993, he says, when city residents rose up to fight it.  But progress came slowly and in stages.

Vancouver To Get Help In Fight Against Child Prostitution

Robert Matas, British Columbia Bureau, Vancouver,  Globe And Mail p.A5, May 1, 1999

www.walnet.org/csis/news/vancouver_99/gandm-990501-2.html

[accessed 24 April 2011]

British Columbia is expected to unveil plans today for increased support to help Vancouver police identify pimps and prostitutes' customers in an attempt to reduce the sexual exploitation of children in the city.

Clueless in Quebec - Teen prostitutes shame a city

Commentary by Ed Hynes, A View from Riverside Drive, February 2004

www.obscenitycrimes.org/news/newsFebruary2004.php

[accessed 24 April 2011]

In Quebec City, police have been going after pimps and their clients in a teenage prostitution and strip club racket. Defendants include thuggish characters from the Caribbean, the alleged pimps, and some of the city's most prominent citizens, who are among the alleged clients. Ordinary citizens are embarrassed and ashamed that their beloved city's reputation has been tarnished, and they're outraged by reports that the young prostitutes, girls as young as 14, were recruited at shopping malls with jewelry and fancy clothing. Finally, people in Quebec are worried that police will not press the case against some influential members of the Quebec community.

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